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20 Cards in this Set

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Affiliative Behavior
Amicable association between individuals
(reinforces social bonds and promotes group cohesion)

Ex. Grooming, Hugging
K-Select
Adaptive Strategy....
Few Offspring
A LOT of Parent Investment

(US!)
R-Select
Adaptive Strategy....
Many Offspring
MINIMAL Parental investment

(Ex. Rabbits)
Alloparenting
"Aunt" behavior
Youger females help carry/ hold infant
Sympatric
Same area, 2 or more species
HABITATS OVERLAP!
Autonomic
Physiological Responses not under voluntary control.
Philopatric
Remaining in Natal Groups or home range as adults.
3 Women Pioneers
(PRIMATE STUDIES)
Jane Goodall
Goldekast
Diane Fosse
Hominid
All other individuals whowere habitually bipedal
Hominoid
Us + ALL Apes
Pleistocene
ICE AGE! Sheets of ice fell, may have helped migration
Forum Magnum
Middle of the base of the skull
Determines whether individual walked bipedally.
Polyandry
Mating System
-Female mates with more than one male.
-Marmosets and Tamarins
Encephalization
Size of Brain Relative to overall body size. (Increase one, increase the other)
Paleomagnetism
Dating system...
Dating method based on the positions of magnetic poles.
Biostratigraphy
Dating Method...
Based on evoltionary changes within an evolving lineage
Morphological
Pertaining to the form and structure of organisms
Australopithecus
An EARLY hominid genus from the Pilo-Pleistocene of Africa.
Bipedal, relatively small brain, large BLACK teeth.
Sagittal Crest
Raised Ridge along the midline of the cranium where the temporal muscle (which closes the jaw) is attached.
Acheulian
Stone Tool Industry...
- Lower and Mid Pleistocene
- Large proportion of bifacial tools (flaked on both sides)
- Common in Africa, SW Asia, W Europe...and not anywhere else really