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98 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Agricultural Revolution
end of the stone age civilization began
Allen's rule
rule that appendages tend to increase in size in warmer climates
altruism
giving and expecting nothing back
artifical selection
when humans artifically select the mates
atlatl
throwing spears or a form of
used by homo sapian sapian
Aurignacian
stone tool technology used by homo sapians
band soceities
simlist social structure
beer theory
beer came first then bread
bergmann's theory
anmials from cold enviroments are bigger
bering land bridge
the intercontinental land connection appeared between Siberia and Alaska that appeared at least twice during the last ice age as a result of sea levels dropping
animals with big brains
dolphin
canis l. familiaris
dog EVOLVED FROM WOLF
canis lupes
grey wolf
carrying capacity
how much the enviroment can take
cave art
mainly for recording events
chatelperronian
neanderthral period or upper paleolithic
chiefdom
between tribe and state
china
one of the last primary states
civilization
requires argiculture cities math writing systems
clovis
a type of tool (oldest too in N. America)
competitive exclusion
two creaters competing for the same thing can't possibly co-exist, one will die
circumscription
enviromental barriers (mountains , and such) that prevent expansion
diffusion
most important factor in culture change
corpus callosum
women have bigger ones than men connects brain
culture
learned/ shared/ dynamic
SYMBOL BASED
earliest domesticated animal
dog
earliest domesticated food
pig
endogamy
marriage within social group
enviromental determinism
view that physical enviroment not social conditions defines culture
exogamy
marrying outside social group
eve hypothesis
we all evolved from the same woman, from a similar place
Evolutionary psychology
proposes that animal psychology can be better understood in light of evolution
foragers, foraging
band group, hunting and gathering
genetic replacement model
over time genetic material was changed and replaced
holocene
most recent time period
homeostasis
remaining stable the body
homo sapian sapians
thats us
horticulture
tribes do it (gardening)
inka
andes mountains
incest
when you marry some that is closer to you then your culture allows
Indus Valley(Harappan civilization
one of the earliest civilizations
language isolates
language that has developed by myself unlike others
lithic
pertaining to stone
Magdalenian
culture in upper paleolithic europe
maize
corn, one of the earliest domesticated plants
manioc
root crop major food crop in S America and Africa
meme
cultural information that is passed from one mind to another (found in the selfish gene)
ARTIFACT!
menarche
first period
mesolithic
middle period stone age
mesopotamia
cradel of civilization
microblades
really small blades arrowheads
minoan civilization
an advanced broze age culture in crete
multiregional model
* There is only 1 migration out of Africa
* All modern races of humans have evolved in situ and are directly or indirectly decended from H. erectus
myelination
the forming of the gray stuff around nerve endings
neocortex
the back part of the neocortex and the most recently developed part of the brain
Neolithic
late stone age, beginning of farming, domestication of animals, manufacture of textiles and pottery
New World
anything not connected to europe, south america north america canada
Nuclear DNA
passed on sexually rather than maternally
Olmec
artwork (big heads, african features)
Paleo-Indian
prehistoric human culture, distingished by the projectile points they made
partial replacement model
compromises between the two major defining models
pastoralism
a social and economic style based on farming
Pleistocene Megafauna
term used to describe the larger species of animals living in the paleolithic
polymorphism
the existance of two or more forms o animals species
polyandry
one woman multiple men
polymorphism
the concept that genes appear in many forms
population replacement model
where the one guys replaced the neanderthals?
primary states 6
china, egypt, mesapotamia, indus river valley,peru, mesoamerica
projectile points
This is the term archeologists use for arrowheads and spear points
prostate
cheifdom
reciprocity
people's informal
trading of goods and labor
reductionism
reduce something to its simplest form
sedentary
doesn't move
senesscence
aging
Shang Dynasty
first dynasty
social allegory
The representation of abstract ideas or principles by characters, figures, or events in narrative, dramatic, or pictorial form. REASON FOR THE CAVES
sociobiology
The study of the biological determinants of social behavior
solutrean
Of or relating to the Old World Upper Paleolithic culture that succeeded the Aurignacian and was characterized by new stone implements and stylized symbolic forms of art.
state collapse and causes
they all collapsed
natural disaster, conquest, enviromental destruction
symbiosis
a mutuallly dependant relationship
stone tool technology
first used by homo habilis and homo ertctus
three sisters
maize, sqaush, beans (n/s america)
upper paleolithic
more advanced civilizations for early humans
vasodilation
blood vessels get bigger if you are healthy
venus figurines
umbrella term for a number of prehistoric items, mostly in statuette form, of obese or heavily pregnant women from the Aurignacian or Gravettian period of the upper Palaeolithic, found in Europe
robotic limbs
connected through the top of the head can turn off lights and answer phone
civilian deaths in Iraq
10,000 collateral damage
where was the worlds first skyscraper
Hong kong
hong kong skyscrapers
7,506
New york sky scraper
5,466
Out of all the scientists ever how many are alive today
90%
human knowledge doubles every __ years
5
Homo Sapians settled in India ______ years before they settled in Europe
10,000
When was Thanksgiving first declare a legal holiday?
1941
Who was the first to declare a day of thanks
George Washington
was the first crop
tobacco
peanut death thing
kiss
It took ____ years for human knowledge to double (the first time)
760