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15 Cards in this Set

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Hominid:

Sahelanthropus tchadensis

(Age, localities, derived traits, primitive traits, brain size)
*Age: 7 - 6 mya
*Localities: Chad
*Derived Traits: small canine, moderate enamel thickness, flat face
*Primitive traits: Small brain, U-shaped dental arcade
*Brain size: 350 cc
Hominid:

Orrorin tugenensis
*Age: 6 mya
*Localities: E. Africa
*Derived traits: thick enamel; large femur, head, & neck
*Primitive traits: large canine
Hominid:

Ardipithecus ramidus &
Ardipithecus kadabba
*Age: 5.5 - 4.4 mya
*Localities: E. Africa
*Derived traits: bipedal hindlimb; hominid elbow and wrist
*Primitive traits: thin tooth enamel; large canine; honing premolar
Hominid:

Australopithecus anamensis
*Age: 4.2 mya
*Localities: E. Africa
*Derived traits: bipedal hindlimb
*Primitive traits: long arms
Hominid:

Australopithecus afarensis

e.g. Lucy
*Age: 4 - 9 mya
*Localities: E. Africa
*Derived Traits: bipedal hindlimb
*Primitive traits: Long arms
*Brain size: 400 - 450 cc
Hominid:

Australopithecus gahri
*Age: 2.5 mya
*Localities: E. Africa
*Derived traits: tool user? (cut bone)
Australopithecus africanus
*Age <2.5 mya
*Localities: S. Africa
*Derived traits: bipedal
*Primitive traits: Long arms
*Brain size: 400 - 450 cc
Australopithecus bahrelghazali
*Age: 3.5 - 3.0 mya
*Localities: Chad
Paranthropus aethiopicus
*Age: 2.7 - 2.3 mya
*Localities: E. Africa
*Derived traits: "heavy chewer"; bipedal
*Brain size: 450 cc
Paranthropus boisei
*Age: 2.0 - 1.0 mya
*Localities: E. Africa
*Derived traits: tools?; "heavy chewer"; bipedal
Paranthropus robustus
*Age: 1.8 - 1.0 mya
*Localities: S. Africa
*Derived traits: heavy chewer; tools?; bipedal
Kenyanthropus platyops
*Age: 3.5 mya
*Localities: E. Africa
*Derived traits: flat face; bipedal
Homo habilis (early homo)
*Age: 2.4 - 1.8 mya
*Localities: E. Africa & S. Africa
*Derived traits: Flat face; Oldowan tools; slight forehead
*Primitive traits: Long arms
*Brain size: 630 cc
Homo erectus (& Homo ergaster)
*Age: 1.8 mya to 200 kya
*Localities: Africa, Europe, Asia
*Derived traits: Lots
*Primitive traits: see below
*Brain size: 750 -1250 cc
Dmanisi hominids
*Age: 1.8 mya
*Localities: Dmanisi, Georgia
*Primitive traits: prognathic face; big canine
*Brain size: 600 cc