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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The Great Saphenous Vein
-begins at medial end of dorsal venous arch of the foot
-passes anterior to the medial malleolus, runs on medial side of lower limb
-passes thru saphenous opening (fossa ovalis)
-empties into the femoral vein
-commonly used for coronary bypass surgery
The Small Saphenous Vein
-begins at lateral end of dorsal venous arch
-passes along lateral side of foot with sural nerve, behind lateral malleolus
-ascends with sural nerve and terminates in the popliteal vein
Femoral Vein
-follows the femoral artery as a continuation of the popliteal vein
-medial to femoral artery
-lies immediately medial to the femoral artery
Popliteal vein
ascends through the popliteal fossa
-receives the small saphenous vein
contents of the femoral triangle

at the apex of the femoral triangle, a stab or bullet may penetrate all 4 vessels of the thigh
-femoral vein, artery and nerve (and their respective branches)
-deep inguinal lymph nodes
-profunda femoris artery and vein and their circumflex branches
Profunda femoris (deep femoral) artery
-begins below the inguinal ligament
-is a branch of the femoral artery and supplies many muscles of the thigh
-medial femoral circumflex branch: leaves the triangle thru pectineus and iliopsoas
-lateral femoral circumflex branch passes laterally thru or posterior to the branches of the femoral nerve, disappears below the sartorius and rectus femoris muscle and terminates in 3 (ascending, transverse, and descending) branches
Femoral Artery
-continuation of external iliac artery
-vulnerable to injury because of its relatively superficial position in the femoral triangle
Branches of the Femoral Artery
1. Superficial epigastric
2. superficial circumflex iliac
3. superficial external pudendal
4. deep external pudendal
5. profunda femoris
6. medial femoral circumflex
7. lateral femoral circumflex
8. descending genicular artery
medial femoral circumflex artery
-supplies most of the blood to the neck and head of the femur (except for a small proximal part that receives blood from a branch of the obturator artery)