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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Superior/cranial
Towards the top
Inferior/caudal
Towards the bottom
Medial
towards midline
Lateral
away from midline
Anterior/ventral
towards the front
Posterior/dorsal
towards the back
Proximal
nearest to the trunk
Distal
furthest from the trunk
Axial
vertebral column and ribcage
Appendicular
bones of arms, legs, shoulders and palms
Cranial
skull and mandible
Postcranial
all bones below skull
Cranium
skull w/o mandible
Skull
22 bones, 8 paired (ex.occipital), 6 single (parietal)
Callotte
upper portion of cranium; the portion cut off during autopsy
Frankfort plane
aligns lower border of eye to ear opening
Sagittal Plane
cuts body into left and right
Coronal plane
cuts body into front and back
Transverse Plane
cuts body into upper and lower
Osteometric board
measures long bones
Spreading calipers
specifically for cranium
Sliding calipers
measuring face and mandible
Mandibulometer
specifically for mandible
Osteometric points
standardized landmarks on skull. 2 types: 1. unpaired (falls on midsaggital plane) 2 paired (either side of midsaggital plane equidistant to midsaggital plane)