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25 Cards in this Set

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2 similar modes of culture analysis adapted by boas' students
sum of culture greater than parts, cultural relativism
sum of culture greater than parts
look at culture in patterns, not individual elements, gestalt schema
gestalt schema
use gestalts to characterize societies
meaning of cultural relativism
individuals must be interpreted in terms of their culture
implication of cultural relativism
things may have different or no meaning if taken out of cultural context
2 students of boas' to contrast
sapir and benedict
to sapir, _____ shapes behavior. to benedict, _____ shapes behavior
language, traditions
sapir looks at ______ on macro level, while benedict considers it on a micro level
patterning
sapir looks at patterning on a ____ level, while benedict considers it on a ____ level
macro, micro
CCE theorist
Tylor
CCE
culture originated independently more than once because of universal mind, then evolves from savagery to civilization
how do CCEs understand primitives?
at an earlier stage of evolution
functionalist theorist
malownowski
malownowski's theory of needs
for every need, there is a cultural response
semiotic theorist
Linger
Semiotic theory
symbols understood through culture
3 language theorists
sapir, boas, geertz
sapir and language
language shapes culture/behavior and how people understand world
boas and language
language is very subjective, use historical evidence of language to understand universal nature of culture
geertz and language
language is one of only windows into emic point of view
3 ways ANPs defined culture
sapir- culture is language
benedict- culture is patterns
mead- culture is personality
historical particularism
understand culture by looking for evidence of how it originated
thick description
understand culture by looking at contextual clues
why has culture theory lost its minds?
look for meanings in minds, not in symbols
model in culture theory
conduit model