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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is another name for a nerve cell
neuron
What two structures make up the body?
Nervous, and Endocrine
What two structures make up the Nervous system?
Peripheral, and Central
What two structures make up the Peripheral system?
Autonomic and Somatic
What two structures make up the Autonomic system?
sympathetic and parasymmpathetic
How much does the brain weigh
3 pounds
how many nerve cells are in the brain
100 billion
does the brain size correlate to intelligence
no
what is a groove in the cortex called?
sulcus
what is a bump in the cortex called
Gyras
what is one area of the brain that is responsible for memory and learning
hippocampus
what are the two main functions of the left side
language, math
what are the two main functions that the right side of the brain controls
music, spatial abilities
is the proportion of brain weight to body weight different for men and women
no
what happens to men's brains as they age
decrease
what does the central nervous system consist of?
brain and spinal chord
what does the peripheral nervous system consist of?
everything outside the brain
sympathetic is _____ and parasympathetic is ________?
arousal, calming
what are the two types of nerve cells
glia, and neurons
what are the three divisions of the brain?
forebrain, mid-brain, hind brain.
what are neurotransmitters
chemical messages
name the four lobes and there coresponding cotices
1.) Frontal ; Motor Cortex
2.) Parietal; Somatosensory Cortex
3.) Temporal; Primary Auditory Cortex
4.) Occipital; Primary Visual Cortex
What are the five methods of researching and understanding the brain?
CAT, MRI, PET, EEG, Lesioning
Endocrine system is controllled by the ?
hypothalamus
anterior pituitary
gigantism/ dwarfism
thyroid
regulates metabolism
parathyroid
regulates calcium- tremors and lockjaw
Andrenal glands
regulates sugar/salt stress
pancreas
sugar -insulin -diabetes
gonads
regular sexual development
what controls the hypothalamus
pituitary
adrenal glands
secrets adrenaline and hormones
cerebellum
lower portion of the brain that controls posture and balance
cerebral cortex
gray mass surrounding the sub cortex controls reading and problem solving
cerebrum
inner brain, in front of cerebellum
corpus callosum
nerves that carry messsages back and forth between hemispheres
endocrine system
chemical messages system which sends messages through the blood
forebrain
thalamus, and hypothalamus
hindbrain
medulla and pons
hormones
chemical messages that carry messages through the blood stream
hypothalamus
small area located below the thalamus that regulates the autonomic and motivates behavior eating drinking and temp regulation
medula
controls breathing
mid brain
integrates security info
neurons
long thin cells that make up nerves
pons
part of the brain that helps coordinate muscle movements instead of functions
synapses
the gaps that occur between individual nerve cells
thalamus
portion of the brain that sorts incoming impulses and directs them to various parts of the brain
hemispherectomy
removing one hemisphere of the brain
endorphins
our body's natural pain killers