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20 Cards in this Set

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City found in the northern area of the Indus River Valley.
Harappa
Indus Valley city found in the southern area of the Indus Valley.
Mohenjo-Daro
Massive fort.
citadel
To move from one place to another to live.
migrate
The religion of India that grew out of the beliefs of the ancient Aryan people; it stresses that one main force connects all life.
Hinduism
Sacred songs about how the world worked, passed on through oral tradition. AKA "The Books of Knowledge"
Vedas
Four different kinds, or classes of people. Priests, Princes, Professionals/Merchants and servents.
caste system
Laws and duties for each caste spelled out in the Vedas.
dharma
A large land mass that is geographically separated from the rest of the continent.
subcontinent
River that flows from Tibet through the Himalayas and Hindu Kush into the Arabian Sea.
Indus River
A vast, dry region south of the Himalayas that ismade fertile by deposits of silt from the Indus River; birthplace of the ancient Harrapan Civilization.
Indus Plain
The world's highest mountain range, forming the northern border of the Indian subcontinent.
Himalayas
A religion founded in India by Siddhartha Gautama which teaches that the most important thing in life is to reach peace by ending suffering.
Buddhism
Ancient Indian religious leader known as the Buddha, or Enlightened One, who founded Buddhism.
Siddhartha Gautama
A man who devotes his life to a religious group.
monk
A northern kingdom near the Himalayas.
Kosala
A force caused by one's good and bad acts.
karma
1. Life is filled with suffering.
2. Suffering is caused by people's wants.
3. Suffering can be ended if people stop wanting things.
4. To stop wanting things, people must follow the eight basic laws.
The Four Noble Truths
A set of instruction on the proper way to live.
Eightfold Path
A way of life that is neither too strict or too easy.
Middle Way