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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The Celts were separated into two groups called:
Gaels and Britons
Gaels settled in _____.
Ireland.
Druids were PRIESTS who...
settled disputes among chieftains, presided over religious rituals (sacrifices and prayers), and preserved the people's myths about the past by reciting long, heroic poems.
Where were the Angles from?
Southern Denmark
Where were the Saxons from?
northern Denmark and Germany
When did the Anglo Saxons stage attacks on britain?
5th Century
Where did the name "England" come from?
"Angles' land"
What is a WITAN?
council of elders
A hereditary class of ruling warlords who owed their positioin to the king
Earls
Who were allowed to own land and engage in commerce?
Freeman
bounded servants who worked the land in return for military protection
churls or serfs
thralls were . . .
slaves that were usually military prisoners or people being punished
system of reciprocity establishing loyalty between a lord and his thane
comitatus
True or False: The Anglo-Saxons believed in only one god.
They were pagan.
Everyone was in the hands of fate or ____.
Wyrd
What did the early Anglo-Saxons believe in?
ancient Germanic gods
English history was recorded in ____ kept by monks
Anglo-Saxon Chronicles
Anglo-Saxon literature flourished in :

the written or oral tradition?
oral
performers were professional minstrels known as
scops
mid-line pause
caesura
two categories of anglo-saxon verse
heroic and elegiac
heroic poetry recounted ____
the deeds of warriors
elegiac poetry lamented ___
the deaths of loved ones and the loss of the past.
first work to be composed in English
Beowolf
who was the author of beowolf?
it was unknown.
When did the Romans introduce Christianity to Britain?
Fourth century
Most of England was Christian by ____
the end of the 7th century
what brought education and written literature?
Christians brought it.
____ copied and illuminated manuscripts
monks
The language of church scholarship. The language that manuscrips were written in.
Latin
who was the "father of English history?
the Venerable Bede, a northumbrian/benediction monk
what was the Venerable Mede's most famous work?
A History of the English Church and People
Monumental work that offers the clearest account of the Anglo-Saxon times
A History of the English Church and People by the Venerable Bede was...
first English poet; said to have divine inspiration for his poetry from dreams
Caedmon (7th century)
has four surviving poems
Cynewolf
(by the middle of the 9th century) the territory, most of N, E, and Central England that had fallen to the Vikings was called
Danelaw
ascended the throne of Wessex in 871.
Alfred the Great; or "The Great"
Who translated Bede's History of the English Church and People from Latin to Anglo-Saxon
Alfred the Great.
Fostered the growth of the English language and its literature
Alfred
The last Anglo-Saxon king who was overthrowed
Harold II
what is an example of "Kenning"
a compound metaphorical name for something such as "whale's path" for he sea.
name one Danish contribution
beer-brewing, moving goods to markets, trading centers, able to communicate easily with the english.
canute...
overthrew the Wessex dynasty, establishing Îanish rule until 1042
after Edward died
NORMAN conquest
Timline: Celts
1
Timeline: Romans
2
Timeline: Anglo-Saxons
3
Timeline: Christianity
4
Timeline: Viking Invasion
5
Timeline: truce to divide England
6
Timeline: Anglo-Saxon Chronicles
7
TImeline: Canute
8
Timeline: Edward the Confessor
9
Timeline: Edward died, Normn conquest
10