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197 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anglo-Saxon period
449-1066
Medieval Period
1066-1485
Renaissance
1485-1660
Romantic Age
1798-1832
Victorian Age
1832-1900
Modern Age
1900-present
Norman Conquest
1066
the Crusades
1096-1270
murder of Thomas a Becket
1170
Magna Carta signed
1215
Hundred Years; War with France
1337-1453
William Chaucer's dates
1340?-1400
Wars of the Roses
1455-1485
Caxtons printing press
1476
describe the rhyme of Anglo-Saxon poetry:
they do not rhyme
how many beats per line in anglo-saxon poetry
4 beats
the number of beats or accented syllables determine the...
rhythm
the number of _________ _________ in a line may vary
unaccented syllables
each line has a ________ after then _______ beat thus _____ the line ____ ____ _____.
caesura after the second beat thus dividing the line into two halves
one or more accented syllables in the first half almost always _________ with one or more accented syllables in the second half
alliterate
kennings
metaphorical phrases or compound words instead of the name of a person or thing (eg. Grendel is called the "shepherd of evil")
Bayeux Tapestry: how high? how long? use for what (be specific) by who?
work of embroidered linen twenty inches high and over two hundred feet long; commissioned in France to record the invasion and conquest of England
formulated a code lof law
Alfred the Great
first historical record to be kept in English
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
founded the first English public schools
Alfred the Great
promoted use of written English rather than Latin
Alfred the Great
responsible for the initiation of the first historical record to be kept in English
Alfred the Great (the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle)
A History of the English Curch and People
Venerable Bede
greatest prose writer and chornicler among the Anglo-
Saxon churchmen
Venerable Bede
2 most important traditions of Anglo-Saxon poetry were:
heroic tradition and elegiac tradition (which mourns the passing of earlier, better times)
most important signel poem from 30,000 lines of Anglo-Saxon poetry
Beowulf
most famous missionary the established a monastery at Canterbury
Saint Augustine
became the first Archibishop of Canterubry
Saint Augustine
famous monastery for men and women
Whitby Abbey
leader of Whitby Abbey
Abbess Hilda
first English religious poety
Caedmon
called "Dances"
the Viking or Norsemen
poetry of this time was usually ________ rather than _______
spoken rather than written
fate
wyrd
Hrothgar
Danish king in Beowulf
Herot
mead-hall/banqueting-hall built by Hrothgar in Beowulf
Grendel
the monster/demon/fiend in Beowulf
Grendel's parents
conceived by Cain, banished by God
how long did Grendel bring grief to Hrothgar
12 winters
Grendel's grandpa
Cain
describe grendel's first attack
snuck up on the army and took 30 men
where did grendel live
herot
why was grendel scared or hrothgar
because hrothgar was protected by God
describe he term healfdane and who it applies to
his describes hrohgar and means "half-dane"
king of the geats
higlac
beowulf's feudal lord and his uncle
higlac
who came to the rescue
14 of the braves and best of the Geats
Wulfgar
noble of Hrothgar
some of beowulf's accomplishments:
drove 5 great giants into chains, chased all of that race from the earth; killed sea monters one by one; now grendel
beowulf's favor he asks for
that he, alone and ith the help of his men, may purge all evil from the hall
beowulf says he wont use ______ against grendel
weapons
Wayland
blacksmith of the finest stuff
Unferth
Ecglaf's son
Beowulf's last wish
send the armor to higlac, "return the inheritance i had from hrethel, and he from wayland"
who is jealous of beowful
unferth
who was in a swimming match with beowful
brecca
who won the sea swimming match
brecca
Unferth
Ecglaf's son/Edgetho's great son
how many sea monsters did beowulf kill
9
the bad deed of unferth
murder of his brothers
Welthow
Hrothgar's queen
what does grendel do before he attacks beowful
devours a sleeping man
how did grendel react to beowful
he was scared
what was the one thing that could destroy herot
fire
who kills beowful
grendel's mother
bede was described as "the
venerable"
the earliest english historian
bede
earliest important prose writer
bede
where did bede spend most of his life
the monastery of jarrow
history of the english church and people
bede
who translated the history of the english church and people into english
alfred the great
firs english religious poet
caedmon
where did caedmon go
whitby abbey in northumbria
who governed whitby abbey
st. hilda
what was caedmon's gift
turn scripture and religious things to verse
what book is "the seafarer" found in
exeter book (1 of 4 anglo=saxon poetry collections to survive)
seafarer talks about
sea, land and feaures,
God
seafarer divisions
weird and random capitals
riddles from...
exeter book
riddle #1 is about a
storm on land
riddle #29 is about
the moon and the sun
riddle #32 is about
a ship
silvery creature; shining creature
riddle #29
battle of hastings
harold (king of england) is defeated by william "the conqueror" (duke of normandy)
feudalism
complicated system of landholding
who was apposed to the unity of a western europe's culture and beliefs
the medieval church
language of the church
latin
Europe's chief publisher, librarian and teacher
the church
first people to form guilds
merchants
"when william the conqueror had subdued the whole isla,d and by terrible examples had amed the minds of the rebels, he decided to place the government of the people on a written basis and subjct them to the rules of law"
richard fitzneal (an english cleric)
gave the firstborn son the exclusive right to inherit his father's titles, lands and estates
law of promigeniture
innocence or guilt decided by
ordeals
declared that the ordal system was "irrational"
pope innocent III
king john forced to sign what when
the magna carta in 1215
habeas corpus
right not to be illegally detained
first crsade proclaimed by
pope urban II
crusades beagin in high hope in a genuine desire to rescue what from who
jerusalem from he turks
chivalry
knightly behavior
hundred years war btw who
france and england
first of a series of plagues that killed more than 1/3 of the population
the black death
john wycliffe
religious reformer
civil war between the house of york (white rose) and the house of lancaster (red rose)
war of the roses
anglo-normans favored this form of literature
romance
Morte darthur
sir thomas maolory
3 medieval genres other than romanc
autobiography, travl writing, and devotional writing
first autobiography in the english language
the book of margery kempe
first truly great figure in english lit
geoffrey chaucer
first of the poker-faced humorists
chaucer
written by common people of early england and scotland
ballads
song not written down by recited and sing
ballads
most famous of the morality plays
everyman
england's first printer
william caxton
"the worshipful father and the first founder and embellisher of ornate eloquence in our english"
chaucer
the father of english poetry
chaucer
father of english fiction
chaucer
page in a household closely associate with the court of king edward III
chaucer
soldier in france ransomed by the king
chaucer
served as Comptroller of Customs for the Port of London; member of parliament; just of the peace; clerk of the works at westminster abbey, the tower of london, and elsewhere
chaucer
the book of the duchess
chaucer
parliament of gowls
chaucer
troilus and criseyde
chaucer
the canterbury tales
chacer
frame story
the canterbury tales
decameron
boccaccio
first collectin of short stiories in english literautre
the canterbury tales by chaucer
buried in wewtminster abbey
chaucer
first english poet to be buried in Poets' corner
chaucer
what dialect is the first 42 lines of the Prologue written in?
middle english
canterbury tales prologue starts in what month
april
who were the pilgrims going to see
thomas a becket, archbishop of canterbury, martyred in 1170
chauncer first describes...
the knight
who is the squire related to?
the knight (knight is his dad)
another name for nun and her realy name
prioress; madam eglantyne
amor vincit omnia
love conquers all
who was with nun
another nun (secretary of her cell) and 3 priests as well
what was the friar's name
hubert
serjeant of law appeared to be with who?
franklin (landowner)
who was in the guild fraternity (5)
haberdasher, dyer, carpenter, weaver, carpet-weaver
what is the maudelayne
the skipper's barge
who was the plowman's brother
the parson
what is a reev
a steward of a manor
who was in the back of the group
the reeve
where is the hostelry called he Tabard
southwark close beside The Bell
who is most likely the host
harry bailly
who proposed the two stories each on the way back and home and the competition
the host
what decided who told a story first
they drew "cuts" and whoever got the shortest was first
who is the first to tell a story
the knight with a love story with a chilvarlic theme
pardoner's text:
greed is the root of all evil
how many main characters are in the pardoner's tale
3 boys
what happens to them
they kill each other 2 stab one and drink poison and die themselves
who do the boys in the pardoner's tale treat badly
an old man
what had they sworn to do before bein sidetracked? what side tracked them?
catch death; gold they found; ironically they found Death
describe how sir gawain and the green knight is divided
its divided into strophes (instead of stanzas) which all end in a bob and wheel
bob-short 1-3 syllable line
wheel-four rhymed lines
what season is it in sir gawain and the green knight
christmas
green knight lets gawain, the best of the knights, submit a blow as long as...
he, the green knight gets to return the blow a year and a day in the future
how does gawain not die?
a love token from the knights wife, a magic green girdle to protect him from any harm
the green knights reaction to gawain and his wife?
hes not mad for some weird reason
how many main characters are in the pardoner's tale
3 boys
what happens to them
they kill each other 2 stab one and drink poison and die themselves
who do the boys in the pardoner's tale treat badly
an old man
what had they sworn to do before bein sidetracked? what side tracked them?
catch death; gold they found; ironically they found Death
describe how sir gawain and the green knight is divided
its divided into strophes (instead of stanzas) which all end in a bob and wheel
bob-short 1-3 syllable line
wheel-four rhymed lines
what season is it in sir gawain and the green knight
christmas
green knight lets gawain, the best of the knights, submit a blow as long as...
he, the green knight gets to return the blow a year and a day in the future
how does gawain not die?
a love token from the knights wife, a magic green girdle to protect him from any harm
the green knights reaction to gawain and his wife?
hes not mad for some weird reason
most famous of al medieval morality plays
everyman
7 deadly sins
pride, avarice, wrath, envy, gluttony, and sloth
whats the only thing a man keeps after he dies
a record of his good deeds
who does God send to get Everyman?
Death
name one difference between the Old English and the Middle English dialects
the endings became greatly simplified from old to middle
what brought the most change during the Middle English dialect period?
the Norman Conquest and the French language it brought
one extremely significant development that took place in Middle English was the gradual adoption of _ ______ _______ _______
a standard written language
Maucer and Malory represent what dialect
London dialect of Middle English
change in the pronunciation of long vowels called
The Great Vowel Shift
author born in Warwickshire
Malory
fought in the Hundred Years' War
Malory
elected to Parliament
Malory
indicted on a wide variety of offenses
Malory
terrorized an abbey for two days and planned a prison escape
Malory
wrote Le Morte Darthur
Malory
rewrote sources of King Arthur and the Knights of his Round Table from other languages into english
Malory
contemporary of william caxton
malory
lancelot falls in love with
guinevere
king arthur's kingdom is attacked by
sir mordred
sir mordred is related to Arthur how
arthur is his uncle
idylls of the king
tennyson
a ct yankee in king arthur's court
mark twain
galahad
erskine
the once and future king
white
who did king arthur knight in le morte darthur
griflet
the knight of the fountain
pellinore