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24 Cards in this Set

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archaeologists
specially trained scientists who work like detectives to uncover the story of prehistoric peoples.
artifacts
human-made objects, such as tools and jewelry.
culture
people's unique way of life.
paleontologist
studies fossils.
hominids
humans and other creatures that walk upright.
Paleolithhic Age
earlier and longer part of the Stone Age. (Also called the "Old Stone Age"
Neolithic Age
the later part of the Stone Age...people learned to polish stone tools, make pottery, grow crops, and raise animals during this time.

(Also called the "New Stone Age")
technology
ways of applying knowledge, tools, and inventions to meet needs.
Homo sapiens
means "wise men". This is the species name for modern humans.
Nomads
highly mobile people who moved from place to place foraging, or searching, for new sources of food.
hunter-gatherers
nomadic groups whose food supply depends on hunting animals and collecting plant foods.
Neolithic Revolution
agricultural revolution...far-reaching changes in human life resulting from the beginnings of farming.
slash-and-burn farming
trees and grasses were cut and burned to clear a field.
domestication
taming of animals
Shrines
places where sacred relics are kept.
civilization
complex culture with 5 characteristics
1)advanced cities
2) specialized workers
3) complex institutions
4) record keeping
5) advanced technology
specialization
the development of skills in a specific kind of work.
artisans
skilled workers who make goods by hand.
institution
a long-lasting pattern of organization in a community (examples: government, education, etc...)
scribes
professional record keepers
cuneiform
wedge-shaped writing.
Bronze Age
the time when people began using bronze, rather than copper and stone, to make tools and weapons.
barter
trading goods and services without using money.
ziggurat
means "mountain of god"...a large pyramid-shaped monument in the center of an ancient city.