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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
amphitheater
A building where shows are put on
ancestor
a person from whom one is descended and who lived several generations ago
appease
to satisfy
aqueducts
a channel built to convey water from a long distance
atrium
the main room of a Roman house out of which one had access to other parts of the house. There were many types including ones that were completely roofed and ones with openings to the sky.
ally
a person, group or country joined with another for a particular purpose
architecture
the act or process of designing buildings
aristocrats
members of a privileged class
auxiliary
part-time soldiers who helped the legionaires
Barbarian
Roman name for anyone who did not live in the Roman Empire
basilica
A large public building, in or near the forum of a Roman city, which was used as a town hall, held law courts and housed shops
cavalry
soldiers who fought on horseback
centurion
leader of a century
century
group of 100 soldiers in the Roman army
chariot
horse-drawn cart with two wheels
cohort
group of about 600 soldiers in the Roman army
consul
ruler in the time of the Roman republic
contaminate
to pollute through contact or mixing, to spread filth or germs; contaminated water can cause illness or death
culture
the language, customs, ideas and art of a particular group of people
democracy
government in which the people vote for their leaders
emperor
ruler of the Roman Empire
flat
a group of rooms forming a residence on one floor of a house
forum
main square of a Roman town
fresco
to paint (a picture) on fresh, moist plaster, as on a wall
gladiator
man who was made to fight in a show to entertain people
legatus
commander of a legion
legion
group of almost 6,000 soldiers, or legionaires, in the Roman army
legionaire
professional Roman soldier
monarchy
a nation or government ruled by or in the name of a monarch
mortar
cement-based material that fills the gaps between and binds together construction blocks such as stones or bricks
mosaic
picture or pattern made of many small peices of stone set in plaster
mythology
a collection of myths
nobleman
a man of noble status or birth
patrician
a member of an aristocratic class
persecuted
to continually treat in a cruel or harsh way because of race, religion, political ideas or other difference
plebeian
in ancient Roman society, of or belonging to the class of commoners
politician
person who holds a government office
province
one of the divisions of a country, each with its own government
rebel
to fight against the government of his or her country
republic
country where the people choose their own leaders
rivalry
competition
shrine
sacred place or object devoted to a holy person or god
stagnant
a body of water which is motionless or ceases to flow
statesman
a man who shows skill and wisdom in government
temple
building or place where gods and goddesses are worshiped
tunic
loose, sleeveless, knee-length garment belted at the waist