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24 Cards in this Set

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ziggurat
a temple or shrine raised on a monumental stepped base
sunken relief
oulines carved deep into the surface of the medium
entais
a slight bulge in large columns
Hellenistic
the spread of Greek culture to the east
Paleolithic
c. 1,500,000 - c. 8,000 BC
or
c. 2,350 - c. 1650 BC
Venus of Willendorf
Sculpture in the round
Fertility "goddess"
Neolithic
c. 6,000 - c. 2,000 BC
or
c. 1,650 BC
Mesopotamia
Summerians:
Responsable for developing...

First systems of writing (cuneiform)
Wheel
Irrigation systems
Codified law
Commerce and coin coinage
Hierchial positioning
registers (important, less important, least important)
BenBen
sacred stones that were worshipped
Cuneiform
wedge-shaped writing
Imhotep
first known architect/designer of a pyramid
New Kingdom
c. 1550 - c. 1070 BC
Hypostyle halls
rows and rows of columns
Aegean art
Cycladic art
Minoan art
Mycaean art
Cycladic art
c. 3000 - 1200 BC
Fertility Goddesses
Minoan art
c. 3000 - 1200 BC
Bulls
Classical period
c. 480 - 323 BC
Relaxation of the rigidity of the Archaic aesthetics
Use of cotrapposto
Emphasis on ideals and the quest for TRUTH
Peikles
Commoner who rose through the military ranks to become the political leader of Greece
Patron of the arts
Ordered the reconstruction of the Parthenon
Iktinos and Kallikrats
architects
Phidas
decorative supervisor
Hellinistic Period
323 - 31 BC
Began after the death of Alex the Great
Hellinistic Sculpture
Characterized by:

Strong use of diagonal lines
Dramatic activity
Emotiontional content
Life as it really was
Roman Art
Republic (509-27 BC)
Early Empire (14-284 BC)
Late Empire (306-337 BC)