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56 Cards in this Set

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Civilization
Highly organized society marked by advanced knowledge of trade, government,arts, science, and often written language
Economy
System by which goods and services are produced and distributed to meet peoples' needs
Agriculture
the production of crops, livestock, and poultry
Artisans
person skilled in a craft
Cultural diffusion
the exchange of goods, ideas, and customs among different cultures
Myth
a traditional story that explains natural events
Monarchy
rule by king or queen via family relations
Monarchy
rule by king or queen via family relations
Dynasty
a line of rulers who belong to the same family
Theocracy
a government headed by religious rulers or leader regarded as a god
Bureaucracy
a group of government officials headed by an administrator
Pharaoh
title of rulers in ancient Egypt
Empire
groupof territories or nations headed by a single ruler or government
Polytheism
worship of many gods
Hyksos
a people from western Asia; they conquered Egypt on foot fighting with copper and stone weopons
Hieroglyphics
ancient Egyptian writing system using picture symbols for ideas or sounds
City-State
an independent state consisting of a city and a surrounding land and villages
Cuneiform
Sumerian system of writing using wedge-shaped markings
Subcontinent
landmass that is part of a continent
Monsoon
seasonal wind that effects climates and ways of life
Mandate
in ancient China, authority granted by heaven to deserving rulers, called the MAndate of Heaven
Confederation
a loose alliance or union of several states or groups
Colony
a settlement of people outside their homeland, linked with the parent country by trade and direct government control
Barter
asystem of trade in which goods, not money, are exchanged
Monotheism
belief in one god
Prophets
a person who preaches or interprets what are thought to be messages from god
Covenant
a solemn pledge or agreement
Exodus
the departure of a large group of people
Diaspora
term for the scattering of communties of Jews outside their original homeland after the Babylonian captivity
Satraps
a governor of a Persian province
Labyrinth
a complex,confusing series of connected passages
Bard
a poet who tells stories by singing
Polis
city-state of Ancient Greece
Citizen
in ancient Greece, a person who took part in the government of a city-state
Aristrocrat
memberof the nobility, or the upper class
Phalanx
in ancient Greece, a military formation in which foot soldiers stood so that their shields overlapped
Tyrant
in ancient Greece, a person who seized power an established one man rule
Democracy
form of government in which the citizens hold power
Oligarchy
form of government in which a small group holds political power
Constitution
plan of government
Rhetoric
art of effective public speaking
Symposium
in ancient Athens, a gathering of men that feature eating, drinking, entertainment, and intellectual decisions
Mercenaries
a soldier who serves a foreign country for pay
Classical
describing the artistic style of ancient Greece and Rome, characterized by balance, elegance, and simplicity
Delian League
an alliance headed by Athens to defend themselves from the Persians; not including Sparta
Sanctuary
building used for worship
Acropolis
a fortified hill on which the temple of the city-state's deity stood
Parthenon
temple of Athena built by Pericles
Perspective
an artistic technique for showing relationships and space between objects
Amphora
a tall two-handled Greek vase
Tragedy
story or play in which the central character struggles against destiny but meets an unhappy end
Comedy
story or play intended to entertain and amuse, usually with a happy ending
Philosopher
a thinker or lover of wisdom
Logic
the science of reasoning and establishing proof for arguments
Hygiene
the science of good health
Domain
territory held by a ruler