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43 Cards in this Set

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What are the 7 hills of Rome?
1. Palatine
2. Aventine
3. Capitoline
4. Quirinal
5. Viminal
6. Esquiline
7. Caelian
What is the Roman name for Zeus?
Jupiter
What is the Roman name for Hera?
Juno
What is the Roman name for Poseidon?
Neptune
What is the Roman name for Hades?
Pluto
What is the Roman name for Athena?
Minerva
What is the Roman name for Artemis?
Diana
What is the Roman name for Aphrodite?
Venus
What is the Roman name for Hermes?
Mercury
What is the Roman name for Hephaestus?
Vulcan
What is the Roman name for Demeter?
Ceres
What is the Roman name for Dionysus?
Bacchus
What is the climate of Italy?
Mild and moist with rich soil.
Who was Romulus?
He killed his brother Remus and founded the city Rome.
What are some of the things the Tarquins taught the Latins?
How to build with brick and how to roof their houses tile.
Who was Tarquin the Proud?
He was a ruler of Rome who was cruel to the Latins and was driven out. He was also the last king of Rome.
Who were patricians?
Members of the wealthy aristocratic class of ancient Rome.
What is a republic?
A government in which the citizens elect their leaders.
What was a plebeian?
A citizen of ancient Rome who was not an aristocrat.
What did the members of the Assembly of Centuries do?
Elected officials of the executive branch.
What two branches did patricians organized Rome's government into?
Executive and legislative.
Who were consuls?
The two officials who headed the executive branch.
What was a dictator?
A leader given temporary absolute power during a crisis.
What were tribunes?
The plebeians' chosen representatives who were granted legal protections and the right to veto government decisions.
What was the Assembly of Tribes?
THe body of plebeians who elected tribunes.
What were the Twelve Tables?
A written law code.
What were the Roman values?
Thrift, discipline, self-sacrifice, and devotion to the family and the republic.
Who was Pyrrhus?
A ruler from western Greece who tried to drive back the Romans, but was unsuccessful.
What were Roman soldiers called?
Legionaries
What were coloniae?
Military settlements set up by Romans throughout Italy to defend strategic heights and river crossings.
What did the Romans refer to Carthaginians as?
Punici
What is an indemnity?
A payment for damages.
Who was Hannibal?
He led the Carthaginian army to Italy, but most of his army was destroyed in the mountains.
Who was Scipio?
He led the Roman army in driving Hannibal back to Africa.
What 4 products were produced in the latifundia?
Grain, sheep, olives, and fruits.
What did Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus propose?
They proposed limiting the size of the latifundia and distributing land to the poor.
Who was Marius?
A Roman general who paid his troops and promised them land when they were discharged.
Who was Sulla?
Marius' rival general who drove him into exile and appointed himself dictator.
What is a triumvirate and who formed the first one?
A group of three persons with equal power; the first one was made up of Julius Caesar, Pmpey, and Crassus.
What was Caesar's most lasting reform?
A calendar of 365 days in a year that is still used today.
Who was the second triumvirate made up of?
Octavian, Marc Antony, and Marcus Lepidus.
How was Rome divided by the second triumvirate?
Octavian took control of Italy and the west, Antony ruled in Greece and the East, and Lepidus took charge of North Afica.
What is the name of the poem written by Macauly? Recite it.
"Horatius"
"Then out spoke the brave Horatious,
The Captain of the Gate;
To every man upon this earth
Death cometh sooner or late,
And how can man die better
Than facing fearful odds
For the ashes of his fathers
And the temples of his gods."