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23 Cards in this Set

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How did the geography of Greece affect its inhabitants?
big steep mountains not only made fertile valleys for farming, but isolated the farms. if greece didn't have their coasts, they would be a group of mountain people
What was the Minoan civilization known for?
They were known for inventing many brilliant creations including shipbuilding, navigation, fashions, art, writing, etc.
Who defeated the Minoans in the Aegean region?
The Mycenaeans
What kept early Greek history alive during the Dark Ages?
The independent communities, or city- states.
What were the achievements of the Greeks during the Age of Expansion?
they made a government, had houses, military, marketplaces, farming, fields, and orchards
Know the definition of the following:
1) tyranny
2) monarchy
3) oligarchy
4) democracy
1) rule of a military leader
2) the rule of 1 person
3) the rule of a few people
4) the rule of the citizens
Who was allowed to participate in the democracy of Athens?
Men over 18 who owned land, free born, and he can't be a foreigner to vote.
What government institutions did the Athenian democracy have?
judges, "senate", and the people or the "Assembly"
Why was the democracy of Athens unpopular with some wealthy citizens?
because it gave power to the poor
How did the Athenians pay for government projects?
taxes
What was the name of the athletic competition the Greeks held every four years?
Olympics
Who was allowed to compete in the Olympics?
Greek speaking, free born men
What god was honored by the Olympics?
Zeus
Who did the Greeks pray to for the specific things they wanted?
the Greek gods
What did the Greeks build to honor their gods?
sanctuaries
Where was the main oracle of Apollo located?
Delphi
What was held twice a year to honor Dionysus?
drama festivals
Be able to recognize the differences between Athenian life and Spartan life
Look at the venn diagram that Miss Zorichak gave you so that you could know the answers.
Why is Homer's epic poem, the Odyssey, an important source of information about Greek history?
The Odyssey is important because it gives us a window to the Greek's history, religion, and myths.
How did the tyrants help to bring about democracy in Athens?
Because the tyrants rule so cruelly that the people got smart and decided they should themselves.
What were two of the purposes of the festivals of Dionysus?
teach history, honor him, bring people together.
How did the Spartans help the Athenians to defeat the Persians?
Through their ground troops and for holding the persians off at the battle of Thermopolea
Essay Question!!! How do you think American democracy is similar to ancient Athenian democracy?
It is similar because it has 3 types of government. Athenians have the judges, a "parliament" or senate, and an assembly, or the people. American government has judges, a senate, but also has a president that is voted for by the people. Both vote for laws and both have a senate.