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38 Cards in this Set

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Peninsula
Land that is surrounded by water on three sides.
Colony
A settlement in new lands.
Attica
A major peninsula in ancient greece.
Peloponnesus
A major in ancient greece - very hilly there.
Crete
This is the largest of the Aegean islands in ancient greece.
Rhodes
The second largest of the greek islands in the Aegean Sea.
Phoenician
An ancient sea power located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean.
Polis
A city-state in ancient greece.
Helot
The people conquered by Sparta who were forced to live as slaves.
Agora
The central marketplace in ancient Athens and the site of numerous temples and government buildings.
Acropolis
A hilltop fortress (high-city)in ancient Athens, which included the Parthenon and other famous buildings, where citizens met to discuss affairs of the community.
Herodotus
Greek historian; known as the "father of history" observed the Persian Wars.
Sparta
Sparta was located on the southern tip of the Peloponessus.
Athens
A peaceful city-state; knowledge cherished. Unlike Sparta, you should ask questions.
Thermopylae
A narrow mountain pass in the central greece where a small group of Spartan soliders fought to the last man, holding back the Persian army.
Marathon
A plain in Attica, greece, where the Athens defeated the Persians in 490 B.C.
monarchy
A government headed by a king or queen.
tyranny
A type of government in which all power is held in the hands of one ruler, usually a military leader.
oligarchy
A government that is run by a few people, usually by members of rich, powerful families.
democracy
A government run by the people, in which citizens make their own laws.
assembly
The basic lawmaking body in a democracy, made up of a group of citizens.
Pericles
Athenian leader; led Athen during the height of its power and influence.
myth
A story about the gods and goddesses of a particular people.
epic
A long beautiful poem, it can pass on knowledge.
tragedy
A play in which life is treated seriously, and which usually has a sad ending.
comedy
A play that is funny and usually has a happy ending, and were usually performed late in the day.
philosophy
The study of the basic nature and purpose of life; the search for truth. (Love of Wisdom)
Homer
Blind poet, roamed the Aegean world, believed he had a special purpose, wrote the "Iliad," and the "Odyssey."
Aeschylus
he was well known because he won prizes in the festival 13 times in a row, wrote famous plaus because he was in wars tragedies.
Aristophanes
One of the most famous writers of comedy.
Socrates
Well known in Athens because he dared to raise questions about Athenian values. His motto was " Know Thyself." He died from drinking hemlock.
Plato
he founded the world's first university, known as the Academy, it lasted for 900 years.
Thucydides
Greek historian; observed and wrote about the Peloponnesian Wars.
Philip II
King of Macedonia; father of Alexander the Great.Loved Greek Culture.
Alexander the Great
In about 356-323 b.c. in 336-323 b.c. he conquered Greece, loved Greek culture, blended Greek cultures with others about 70 cities named after him.
Aristotle
A wise famous philosopher from Athens who taught Alexander to love philosophy and Greek ways.
Macedonia
People who conquered ancient Greece and conquered Greek lands, new empire, loved Greek culture.
Alexandria
a city built by Alexander the Great on the Nile delta, had first museums and libraries.