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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Democracy
Rule by the people
Monarchy
Rule by one in which the power is kept in the family
Oligarchy
A few people rule or hold power
Tyranny
Government in which the power is assumed by force
Peninsula
Land surrounded on 3 sides by water
Maritime
Sea based
Polis
A city-state governed by landowners
Colonies
Foreign settlements in distant lands
Aristocracy
Nobility that governs
Myth
Story from the past
Acropolis
A group of temples and buildings on a hill high above Athens
Parthenon
Temple to Athena on top of the Acropolis
Periclese
Leader of Athens
Alexander the Great
Led Greek troops to war and traveled as far as India
Sparta
City-State that fought and beat Athens in the Peloponnesian Wars
Athens
Greatest City-State of Greece
Hellenistic
Name given to cultures formed on Greek ideas
Sgraffito
To etch designs and figures onto pottery
volcano
The natural disaster that may have destroyed Crete
Atlantis
Plato's name for the lost Minoan civilization
Thera
Volcanic island near Crete
Agora
Marketplace or assembly place
Knossos
Capital of the Minoan Civilization
Minoans
First Greek Civilization
What sport were the Minoans known for?
Bull-leaping
Mycenaeans
This civilization defeated the Minoans and borrowed many ideas from the Minoans
What type of government did Sparta have?
Oligarchy
Who was the greatest ruler from Athens who ruled during the Golden Age of Athens?
Pericles
What god or goddess was the Acropolis dedicated to?
Athena
Olympics
Games played in Greece every 4 years. During the games all war ceased.
What god or goddess were the Olympics dedicated to?
Zeus
Homer
Famous blind Greek poet
What two city-states fought in the Peloponnesian War?
Athens and Greece
Who was the winner of the Peloponnesian War?
Sparta
Where did the Greeks believe that the Gods lived?
Mt. Olympus
Which of the greek column capitals is the plainest or simplest?
Doric
Which of the Greek column capitals has two identical spirals on each side?
Ionic
Which of the Greek column capitals is the most ornate or decorative capital?
Corinthian
The battle at Marathon was between Athens and what other country?
Persia
Which group of people lead a difficult and harsh life style
Spartans
Who was educated in Greece?
Boys
Socrates
Famous Greek Philosopher who was condemmed to death for leading people astray and encouraging thinking
Who was the son of King Philip of Macedonia?
Alexander the Great
Who were the famous Greek Philosophers at that time?
Aristotle, Socrates and Plato
Amphitheater
A theater which had a stage set at the base of a hil with curving rows of seats for the audience.