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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Geography: Main topographical Regions
Indus Valley, Plains, Mountains
Geography: India as a subcontinent
A large land mass smaller than a continent, India is sperated from Asia by the Himalaya mountains
Geography: Main mountain ranges
Western and Eastern Ghats, Himalayas, and Hindu Kush
Geography: Best farmland
Around the Indus Valley where the silt spreads to; farmers grew wheat, barley, beans, sesame, 1st rice, bananas, black pepper, cotton
Geoghraphy: Main rivers
Indus River, Ganges river, Ravi river, Narmada river
Harappa nad Mohenjo-Daro: Examples of why the cities are considered well-planned
used the same size bricks for everything so they could use bricks as their measuring unit, both were located and protected by mountains and rivers, they could have had laws, but nobody can read their writing
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro: Why little is known about either city
one of the reasons nobody knows about either city is because the Ayrans invaded and brought their own things and destroyed any artifacts of importance. another reason why little is found is because acheologiests are still digging at the remains of the city today.
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro: What historians believe happened to the cities
some historians think that and earthquake caused the indus river to change it's course, so the inhabitants had to follow their water.
2. earthquake caused massive flooding
3. new people came and invaded the Indus Valley (ayrans)
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro: People who invaded the Indus Valley
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro: What 3 things these invaders brought to India
1. religion
2. sanscript (language)
3. hierarchy
Hindusim: sacred books
Vedas, Mahabarta, Baghava-Gita, Ramayana
Hinduism: information contained in the sacred books
how to be a good hindu. this information is told in poems or stories
Hinduism: description of the Caste system
Brahmans: highest caste, religous leaders/teachers (mouth), Vaishyas: buisnessmen, merchants, farmers, (legs)
Hinduism: Reincarnation
if you are good, after you die, dharma and karma will make you re born into a higher caste.
1. birth
2. life
3. death
4. re-birth
Hinduism: Dharma
leading a properl life and filled with moral duty
Hinduism: Important gods/goddess
Vishnu: preserves the universe, balaced good and evil, reborn 9 times
Brhama: sets universe in motion
Shiva: creator/destroyer or world, god of death, lord of death
Buddhism: Siddartha Gautama
A prince that lived inside the castle for all of his childhood life with everything he could ever need.
Buddhism: Four vision seen by Siddartha saw and how they changed his life
1. an old man
2. a sick man
3. a dead man
4. a wandering monk
he finally realized that people suffer; and he wanted to go out into the world and find out why that was.
Buddism: What Siddartha was searching for
he was searching for what caused suffering and how to solve it
Buddhism: Importance of first sermon
from then on, Siddartha became buddha, the enlightened one
Buddhism: Four Noble Truths, Eightfold Path, The Middle Way
1. life is filled with suffering
2. suffering is caused by prople's wants/desires
3. Suffering can stop, if people stop wanting things
4. in order to stop wanting things, you must follow the eightfold path
The eightfold path
1. right understanding
2. right awarness
3. right speech
4. right action
5. right livelyhood
6. right effort
7. right thought
8. right concentration

the middle way- not too good of a life, and not too bad, wheel of balanced life
Buddhism: Asoka- good and bad deeds
conquers almost all of india, takes over by force, kills many people

he realizes what he has done wrong and tries to correct himself by
1. serves india and spreads buddhism
Buddhism: Buddhism vs Hinduism number of followers, difference today
buddhism travels east to china and other parts of asia, but grows weaker in india. india eventually goes back to hinduism. india=83 percent hindu
Sikh Culture: Examples of clothing
salvar kameez- loose bottom and a shirt
chunee/dupatta-fabric wraped around head
khurta/pajama- tight legged pants
sari-6-8 yds or cloth
langha-long skirt
Chunee/dupatta, khurta/ pajama, phag, langha
Sikh Culture: Bindhi
symbol of marriage, both men and women can wear it, sybolizes the 3rd eye-concentration
Arranged marriage
when somebody arranges you to marry somebody else; the person who arranges it is usually your parents or another family member
characteristics of a baptized sikh
5 ks
1. kesh-uncut hair
2. khanga-wooden comb
3. kirpan-small sword
4.karra-the steel braclet
5. kaccha-under garmet, loose boxer shorts
four noble truths
1. life is filled with suffering
2. suffering is cuased by people's wants/desires
3. to stop suffering you must stop wanting
4. to stop wanting, you must follow the eightfold path
eightfold path
1. right understading
2. right awareness
3. right speech
4. right action
5. right livelyhood
6. right effort
7. right thought
8. right concenration
if you do bad things, then bad things will happen to you.