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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What trade route was the Arabian Peninsula between
Africa and Asia
What is the landscape of the Arabian Peninsula
Desert
What three bodies of water surrounds the Arabian Peninsula
Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Persian Gulf
What natural resource does the Arabian Peninsula have a lot of
Oil
Who are the Bedouins
Nomads following camel herds
What did the Bedouins known for doing
Raiding each other and caravans
What was the religion of the Bedouins like
Believed and many gods and spirits
What do we know about the spirits of the Bedouins
They were called jinns and they lived in rocks
Where is the most important rock
Mecca (now Kaaba)
What was Mohammed born
571
Who raised Mohammed and why
His uncle because he was an orphan
What job did Mohammed grow up and have and why
He became a merchant because his uncle was a merchant
What happened to his boss
He married her- Khadijah
When did Mohammed become interested in religion
When he went on these travels and came in contact with Christians and Jews
At what age did Mohammed start having visions
40
Who were Mohammed's visions from
Allah
What was Mohammed told in the visions
That he was a messenger for Allah
Mohammed continued having visions, what did he told in them
In these visions Allah told him how people were supposed to behave
Who were Mohammed's first followers
His wife, family, and friends
What did Mohammed have to flee from Mecca
People did not like what he was teaching
Where did Mohammed flee to
Medina
What is Mohammed's flight called
Hegira
After Mohammed's flight what happened to Islam
It begin to spread rapidly
Belief
Islam
Believer
Muslim
Book where teachings were written down by Mohammed's followers
Koran
Language
Arabic
Only when is the Koran a holy book
When it is written in Arabic
What helped Arabic spread throughout the Middle East and North Africa
Having the Koran written in that Arabic
Because the Koran was written in Arabic, it became a language for who
The scholars and the poets
House of worship
Mosque
Tall tower beside mosque
Minaret
Person who called the faithful to prayer from the minaret
Muezzin
Muslim symbol
Crescent moon
Day of prayer
Friday
House of worship
Mosque
Tall tower beside mosque
Minaret
Person who called the faithful to prayer from the minaret
Muezzin
Muslim symbol
Crescent moon
Day of prayer
Friday
What are the most important beliefs in Islam called
Five Pillars
What is the most important of the Five Pillars
State of faith: there is no god but Allah and Mohammed is his prophet
What are the four pillars
1) Prayer- 5 times a day; 2) Charisty- alms for the poor; 3) Fasting- during Ramadan; 4) Pilgramage- travel to Mecca
What is the pilgramage to Mecca called
Hadj
What are three other rules
No alcohol; no pork; no marriage to a non-believer; all Muslims equal in the eyes of Alah; men and women lead seperate lives; Muslim man was allowed a maximum of four wives
What are the most important beliefs in Islam called
Five Pillars
What is the most important of the Five Pillars
State of faith: there is no god but Allah and Mohammed is his prophet
What are the four pillars
1) Prayer- 5 times a day; 2) Charisty- alms for the poor; 3) Fasting- during Ramadan; 4) Pilgramage- travel to Mecca
What is the pilgramage to Mecca called
Hadj
What are three other rules
No alcohol; no pork; no marriage to a non-believer; all Muslims equal in the eyes of Alah; men and women lead seperate lives; Muslim man was allowed a maximum of four wives
What are the most important beliefs in Islam called
Five Pillars
What is the most important of the Five Pillars
State of faith: there is no god but Allah and Mohammed is his prophet
What are the four pillars
1) Prayer- 5 times a day; 2) Charisty- alms for the poor; 3) Fasting- during Ramadan; 4) Pilgramage- travel to Mecca
What is the pilgramage to Mecca called
Hadj
What are three other rules
No alcohol; no pork; no marriage to a non-believer; all Muslims equal in the eyes of Alah; men and women lead seperate lives; Muslim man was allowed a maximum of four wives
What are the most important beliefs in Islam called
Five Pillars
What is the most important of the Five Pillars
State of faith: there is no god but Allah and Mohammed is his prophet
What are the four pillars
1) Prayer- 5 times a day; 2) Charisty- alms for the poor; 3) Fasting- during Ramadan; 4) Pilgramage- travel to Mecca
What is the pilgramage to Mecca called
Hadj
What are three other rules
No alcohol; no pork; no marriage to a non-believer; all Muslims equal in the eyes of Alah; men and women lead seperate lives; Muslim man was allowed a maximum of four wives