Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/49

Click to flip

49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
luxury perfume sold by arabian merchants to cities in Palestine
frankincense
well-watered , fertile area in a desert
oasis
ship of the desert
camel
group of people and camels traveling together across the desert
caravan
"submit to the will of God"
religion born in the region of Arabia around 600 A.D.
Islam
follower of Islam
Muslim
Muslim holy book
Quran (Koran)
written language developed around 800 B.C. by western Arabs
Arabic
temple in Mecca where gods and goddesses were worshipped
Kaaba
holy pilgrimage to Mecca
hijra
Five Pillars of Islam
1 belief in 1 God, Allah;Muhammed is his prophet 2 pray to Allah 5x daily 3 give to poor/needy 4 fast during Ramadan 5 pilgrimage to Mecca
pilgrimage to Mecca which every Muslim should make once in a lifetime
hajj
holy month when Muslims fast from sunrise to sundown
Ramadan
Muslim leader with both political and religious authority; mens "successor to the prophet"
caliph
lands ruled by the caliphate
caliphate
Muslim place for worship
mosque
four areas of learning contained in the books in the House of Wisdom
history, science, law, mathematics
textbook written by Avicenna in 1000 A.D.
Canon of Medicine
medical care was take to those living far from Baghdad by this
moving hospital
system of mathematics developed by Arabs
algebra
Muslims increased the knowledge of this study of stars and planets
astronomy
Muslim astronamers improved this instrument used to figure out direction and position from the stars
astrolobe
tall tower in which the religious leader stood and called the Muslims to prayer 5 times a day
minaret
oldest Muslim landmark which is in Jerusalem
Dome of the Rock
early Arabian music arose from these which were sung to pass the time during long trips across the desert
"caravan songs"
this instrument evolved from the oud, a stringed instrument developed by the Arabs
guitar
collection of folktales from Arabia and other countries; includes Ali Baba & 40 Thieves & Aladdin
Arabian Nights
making or study of maps or charts
cartography
people who live on the Arabian peninsula
Arabs
civilization in Yemen
Sabaeans
people of Nabataea, northern kingdom established around 300 B.C., now where Jordan is
Nabataeans
nomadic Arabs herders who travel the desert looking for water and pastureland for their camels, sheep, and goats
bedouins
born in 570 A.D. in Mecca, at age 40 received message from God "... you are the prophet of Allah"
Muhammad
Arabic word for God
Allah
wealthy widow and merchant for whom Muhammad worked and later married
Khadeja
Muslim leader who built Baghdad along the Tigris River
al-Mansur
famous Muslim doctor in the early 1000's; author of Canon of Medicine
Ibn Sina
wrote Book of Roger; traveled throughout Middle East; produced geographies and maps
al-Idrisi
Latin name for Ibn Sina, Muslim doctor
Avincenna
wise princess heroine of the Arabian Nights stories
Shahrazad
capital city of Nabataea, important place for travelers to stop along the trade route from the Fertile Crescent to Egypt
Petra
year when the kingdom of Nabataea ruled northern Arabia
300 B.C.
year when Muhammad as born
570 B.C.
year when Muhammad leaves Mecca for Medina
622 A.D.
year when Muhammad died
632 A.D.
year when Muslim caliphate controls Spain
711 A.D.
year when the Muslim advance was stopped in France
732 A.D.
year when Baghdad becomes the capital city of Muslim caliphate
762 A.D.
year when Avicenna wrote the medical textbook called Canon of Medicine
1000 A.D.