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15 Cards in this Set

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Western civilization
the heritage of ideas that spread to Europe and America and remains a part of your culture
agora
Greek marketplace
epic
long, heroic poems
arete
to strive for excellence, to show courage, and to win fame and honor
myth
stories about the Greek's gods
polis
a city-state
citizens
free adult men
acropolis
a fortified hilltop
aristocracy
where rule passed into the hands of a small group of noble families
hoplites
soldiers that fought on foot
phalanx
a square of men each with their spears tilted more and more towards the front of the group
tyrants
the men who came to power through tough rebellions
helots
peasants forced to stay on the land they worked (these were the Messenia that Sparta took over)
democracy
a government in which all citizens took part
who was Herodotus
a Greek scholar who wrote about the Persian Wars (his book is called History of the Persian Wars)