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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
How can the branches of the abdominal aorta be classified? (3)
-unpaired to viscera (the 3 gut arteries)
-paired to viscera (suprarenal, renal, gonadal)
-paired to body wall structures (inf prenic and lumbar)
Abd. aortic branches: unpaired to viscera
the 3 gut arteries (?)

(celiac trunk, sup/inf mesentaric?)
Abd. aortic branches: paired to viscera
-suprarenal
-renal
-gonadal
Abd. aortic branches: paired to body wall structures
inf phrenic and lumbars
What does the inf vena cava receive venous drainage from?
Paired abd. viscera & body wall
Where do portal-caval (porto-systemic) anastomoses occur?
Distal esophagus, rectum
Venous drainage from GI tract goes where
hepatic portal vein
Aortic plexus:
fibers (w/ origin)
-parasympathetic of vagal/sacral, sympathetic fibers and ganglia
urinary system: componants (4)
-kidneys
-ureters
-urinary bladder
-urethra
How is the adrenal gland related to the kidney?
Only physically, not developmentally
The thoracic duct collects lymph from how much of the body
3/4ths
Posterior Abd: muscles
-diaphram
-quadratus lumborum
-iliopsoas
Diaphram: structure
-Large central tendon, skeletal muscle
-3 major openings for structures btw thorax/abdomen
3 major structures that pass through the diaphram
-Inferior vena cava (T8)
-Esophagus (T10)
-Aorta (T12)
Lumbar plexus
-w/in psoas muscle (?)
-ant. primary rami of L1-L4
-supply portion of lower limb
Quadratus lumborum:
O:
I:
A:
I:
(B:)
-aponeurosis of iliolumbar lig, iliac crest
-lower rib, transverse of lumbar vert
-Lateral flexion
-T12-L2
-Lumbar/iliolumbar arteries
Psoas major/minor
O:
I:
A:
I:
(B:)
-Transvers processes of lumbar vert
-Lesser trochanter
-hip flexion, posture
-L1-2
-iliolumbar artery
Iliacus:
O:
I:
A:
I:
(B:)
-iliac fossa/crest
-lesser trochanter
-hip flexion, posture
-femoral nerve
-iliolumbar, medial femoral arteries
What structure(s) pass through diaphragm with the aorta
-thoracic duct
-sympathetic trunk
What structure(s) pass through the diaphragm with the esophagus?
-vagus nerve
At what level do these structures pass through the diaphragm:

IVC
Esoph
aorta
-T8
-T10
-T12
Fat on kidneys
perirenal fat
structures in renal hilus
-renal artery
-renal vein
-ureter
Structures of the kidney:
-cortex
-medulla
-collecting systems (minor/major calyx, renal pelvis, ureter)
What kind of epithelium is found in the ureter(?)
transitional epithelium
Urinary bladder muscle
detrusor muscle (smooth)
Location of urinary bladder in a male
-anterior to rectum
-superior to prostate
urinary trigone
triangular area demarkated by the entrance of ureters and exit of urethra
What strucure of the ureter/bladder prevents backflow?
oblique angle of ureter tube openings
The adrenal medulla is analogous to _________. What is it innervated by?
-post-synaptic sympathetic neurons

-Greater splanchnic nerve
The aorta and IVC bifurcate at ____. They become________ which supplies which region(s)
-L4
-->common iliac vessels -> int/ext iliac vessels
(int for pelvis/ext for limbs)
What are the 2 post-synaptic parasympathetic systems
-myenteric
-submucosal