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54 Cards in this Set

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Inferior
Away from the head or toward the lower part of a structure.
Anterior/ Ventral
Rearer to or at the back of the body. Equivalent to ventral in bipeds.
Posterior/ Dorsal
Nearer to or at the back of the body. Equivalent to dorsal in bipeds.
Medial
Nearer the midline of the body or a structure.
Superior
Toward the head or upper part of a structure. Also called cephalad or craniad.
Lateral
Farther from the midline of the body or a structure.
Proximal
Nearer the attatchment of a limb to the trunk, nearer to the point of origin attatchment.
Distal
Farther from attatchment of a limb to the trunk, farther from the point of origin or attatchment.
Superficial
Located on or near the surface of the body or an organ.
Deep
Away from the surface of the body or an organ.
Midsagittal Plane
A vertical plane through the midline of the body that divides the body or organs into equal right and left sides. Also called a median plane.
Frontal/ Coronal Plane
A plane at a right angle to a midsagittal plane that divides the body or organs into anterior and posterior portions. Also called a coronal plane.
Transverse/ Cross Plane
A plane that divides the body or organs into superior and inferior portions. Also called a horizontal plane.
Cranial Cavity
A subdivision of the dorsal body cavity formed by the cranial bones and containing the brain.
Spinal Cavity
Formed by the bones of the vertebral column (backbone) and contains the spinal cord.
Thoracic Cavity
Superior portion of the ventral body cavity that contains two pleural cavities, the mediastinum, and the pericardial cavity.
Pleural (right and left)
The serous membrane that covers the lungs and lines the walls of the chest and the diaphram.
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Inferior component of the ventral body cavity that is subdivided into a superior abdominal cavity and an inferior pelvic cavity.
Umbilical
The long, ropelike structure containing the umbilical arteries and vein that connects the fetus to the placenta.
Epigastric
part of the abdominopelvic region, pertaining to the epigastrium.
Hypogastric
the lower part of the abdomen. An arbitrary division of the abdomen below the umbilical and between the two iliac regions.
Right and Left Iliac
In the region of the ilium or dorsal bone of the pelvis.
Right and left Lumbar
Pertaining to the loins, the part of the back between the thorax and the pelvis.
Right and left Hypochondriac
a region on either side of the abdomen beneath the cartilages of the false ribs beside the epigastric and above the lumabr region.
Abdominal
superior portion of the abdominopelvic cavity that contains the stomach,spleen,liver, gallbladder,most of the small intestine,and part of the large intestine.
Antebrachial
Relating to the forearm.
Antecubital
In front of the elbow.
Axillary
Located or growing from an axil.
Brachial
Pertaining to or belonging to the arm, as the brachial artery, the brachial nerve.
Buccal
Pertaining to or directed toward the cheek.
Carpal
Relating to the carpus.
Cepalic
Pertaining to the head.
Cervical
Pertaining to the neck or to the neck of any organ or structure.
Coxal
A bone by the hip, the hip bone.
Digital
Pertaining to the toes
Femoral
Pertaining to the femur or to the thigh.
Inguinal
Pertaining to the inguen or groin.
Nasal
Pertaining to the nose.
Oral
Pertaining to the mouth, taken through or applied in the mouth.
Orbital
Pertaining to the eye, the bony cavity containing the eyeball.
Otic
Relating to the ear.
Patellar
Anterior surface of the knee.
Pubic
Pertaining to the pubes, pubic bone, pubic region, or the lower part of the hypogastric region.
Tarsal
Pertaining to the ankle.
Umbilical
belly button, where the umbilical cord is connected.
Acromial
The shoulder
Gluteal
Buttocks
Lumbar
Loin, part of the back between the thorax and the pelvis.
Plantar
Sole of the foot, the plantar arteries.
Popliteal
Behind the knee joint,the popliteal space, hollow behind the knee.
Sacral
Pertaining to the sacrum, between the hips.
Scapular
Shoulder Blade
Sural
Calf of the leg
Vertebral
Pertaining to the vertebra, spinal column.