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83 Cards in this Set

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Name for the two pelvic bones
os coxae (s. os coxa)
Name the hip bones
ilium, ischium, os pubis
Another name for one half of the hip bone
os innominatum (singular)
ossa innominata (plural)
Medical term for the hip socket
acetabulum
Point where the two halves of the pubic bone meet
symphysis pubis
Ligament that attaches the femur to the acetablum
ligamentum teres
Old term for xray
roentgen ray
Old term for the xray printout
roentgenogram
crepitus
the sound made by two ends of a broken bone rubbing up against each other. A medical term.
crepitation
a crackling noise. Not specifically a medical term.
palpation
the touching of a patient's body.
palpitation
a subjective description by the patient of a subjective feeling. Not a specific medical condition.
percussion
The tapping of the patient’s body in diagnosis.
auscultation
Listening for sounds on the patient’s body
The joint between the sacrum and the iliac
sacroiliac joint
The two bones under the two condyles on either side of the femur
Tibia - shin bone
Fibula - means "clasp"
What are the tibia and fibula comparable to?
Tibia - ulna
Fibula - radius
Medical term for kneecap
patella
Big thigh muscle in front
quadriceps femoris
What does "quadri" refer to in quadriceps femoris?
the four tendons that attach to the patella.
Name of the ligament that attaches to the patella
patellar tendon
Tendon attaches what to what
muscle to bone
ligaments attach what to what
bone to bone
ligament at the bottom of the patella and what does it attach to?
patellar ligament, attaches to the tibia
Two pads that rest on top of the tibia (two kinds)
medial and lateral meniscus
removal of the meniscus
menisectomy
Simple fracture
A fracture where the skin is not broken.
Compound fracture
skin is broken, exposing the broken bone.
Complex fracture
There is damage to the surrounding tissue
Comminuted fracture
bone has been shattered into fragments.
Name of the fragments of broken bone (english and latin)
spicules, english
spicula/spiculae, latin
Complete fracture
bone is broken completely across
Incomplete fracture
bone is not broken completely across
Greenstick fracture
A fracture in which the fracture line goes only partway across and then up and down the bone.
Grenade thrower's fracture
A fracture of the neck of the humorous.
Pathological
Occurs without the application of force
Compression
Occurs when one bone is driven into another.
luxation
a dislocation
subluxation
a partial dislocation
sequela/sequelae
Any result of an injury or disease; anything that comes about as a result of an injury or disease.
Ex: The sequelae of a fracture is inflmation, swelling, crepitis
sequestrum/sequestra
Any part of a bone that has been completely separated from the main bone. The difference between this and a spicule is just size
Reduction
medical term for mending a fracture
Open vs. Closed reduction
Open - repaired surgically
Closed - doesn't need surgery
Prognosis
prediction on what the future will bring.
diagnosis
determining what is wrong with the patient.
iliacus
originates in the ilium
psoas
originates in the lower lumbar vertebrae
iliopsoas
blended from the previous two and attaches to the femur
Muscle on each upper leg which enables us to cross our legs
sartorius
What does the sartorius attach to?
the tibia
Area of dead tissue/scar tissue.
Necrosis (N) Necrotic (adj)
Two ligaments in the knee and their function
anterior cruciate ligament
posterior cruciate ligament
help to maintain stability in the knee
back of the knee
popliteal
tendons/big muscles on the back of the thigh which attach to the tibia. (Flexors)
Hamstrings
Quadriceps are what kind of muscle
extensors
A fracture of the lower third of the radius.
Colles' fracture
Another name for Colles' fracture
silver fork fracture
Fracture of the lower part of the tibia or fibula
pott's fracture
little bumps on either side of the ankle (two kinds)
medial and lateral malleolus (s. malleoli)
latin for knee
genu
knock knee
genu valgum
bow legged
genu varum
big toe
hallux
bunyun
hallux valgus
big toe points to other foot
hallux varus
medical term for calf muscle
gastrocnemius
Extends down and attaches to the back of the heel bone
Achilles tendon (capital A)
Up high on the butt where you would get a shot
gluteus minimus
Unvoluntary muscle twitch
tic
A kind of connective tissue that binds muscles
fascia
A little cushion situated between a tendon and a bone
bursa/bursae
The foot bones
astragalus, calcaneus, cuneiform, cuboid, scaphoid,
back of the foot
dorsum
2 other names for the astragalus
talus and keystone
ligament which supports the arch of the foot
calcaneonavicular ligament
general term for all the bones in the foot
tarsus
Number of phalanges in the toes
14;
3 in each toe, 2 in the big toe
The joint between the phalanges and the metatarsus
metatarsaphalangeal
Medical term for club foot
talipes equinovarus
Softening of the bones
Osteomalacia
Softening of the bones in children
rickets
Pointing the toes up
dorsiflexion
pointing the toes down
plantar flexion