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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the most painful burn
2nd degree burn
What are the values for each part of the body in the rule of nines?
Anterior side adult:
Head,arms = 4.5%
Chest, abdomen and legs = 9%
Genetalia = 1%

Infant front and back:
Head,chest,abdomen = 18%
arms = 9% each
legs = 14% each
What is removed in a radical mastectomy?
the breast, pectoral muscles, fat, fascia, and as many lymph nodes as possible in the axilla
site of most breast tumors
the superior lateral quadrant of the breast because its the most glandular tissue
the vessels that serve the breast
the internal thoracic, the lateral thoracic, and the 2nd-6th intercostal vessels and nerves
What are the 3 compartments of the thoracic cavity?
the right and left pulmonary cavities and the central mediastinum
Which part of the trachea is associated with the cough reflex?
the mucous membrane covering the carina
Which vessels supply oxygenated blood to the root of the lungs and visceral pleura?
The bronchial arteries:
2 left bronchial arteries and 1 right bronchial artery
When performing percussion, what types of sound will you hear?
Resonant- in air filled
Dull - fluid filled
Flat - solid, as with bone
What is pleurodesis
A procedure that adheres the parietal and visceral layers of the pleura to prevent fluid buidup
upon ascultation of the lungs, you hear a sound like a clump of hair being rolled between the fingers. What may cause this?
Pleurisy or pleuritis
Where is the placement of a chest tube?
5th or 6th intercostal space in the midaxillary line
Where is the placement of the needle in a thoracentesis procedure?
9th ICS superior to the 10th rib high enough to avoid the collateral branches
what is secondary atelectasis?
the collapse of a previously inflated lung
what is primary atelectasis?
the failure of a lung to inflate at birth
What is a pneumothorax?
presence of air in the pleural cavity
What is cor pulmonale?
right sided heart failure due to a pulmonary problem
The right bronchial vein drains into the?
the Azygos vein
The left bronchial vein drains into the?
the hemiazygos vein or the left superior intercostal vien
What do carbon particles in the axillary lymph nodes indicate?
pleural adhesion; pg 132
Which lymph nodes, also called sentinel lymph nodes, alert the physician to a possible disease in the thoracic or abdominal organs?
The supraclavicular lymph nodes; they're usually enlarged when bronchogenic carcinoma develops
which pleura is insensitive to pain?
the visceral pleura because it receives no nerves of sensation
failure of a valve to open fully, slowing blood flow from a chamber
failure of the valve to close completely
insufficiency or regurgitation
superficia vibratory sensations that may be felt on the skin over an area of turbulence
thrills; they happen as a result of insufficiency
A condition where blood regurgitates into the left atrium when the left ventricle contracts and produces a murmur
Mitral valve prolapse
Most frequent valve abnormality; is a result of degenerative calcification and causes left vent hypertrophy
Aortic Valve Stenosis
produces a heart murmor and a collapsing pulse
Aortic Valve Insufficiency
most common sites of coronary artery occlusion
LAD (40-50%)
RCA (30-40%)
Circumflex (15-20%)
These receptors on coronary blood vessels cause relaxation and dilation when activated
B2 adrenergic receptors
What NTS is released by postsynaptic parasympathetic fibers in the heart and what type of receptors are they?
It releases ACH which binds to muscarinic receptors
What is a fluoroscope?
a device for examining deep structures in real time by means of radiographs, it is often used in the placement of a pacemaker.
The electrode of a pacemaker is firmly fixed to this structure in the heart
the trabeculae carneae of the right ventricular wall
Anginal pain is radiates to the medial aspect to the left arm. Which nerves are responsible for this?
The median cutaneous nerve and often the lateral cutaneous branches of the 2nd and 3rd intercostal nerves(intercostalbrachial nerves)
sympathetic stimulation of the coronary arteries causes?
parasympathetic stimulation of the coronary arteries causes?
Contents of the superior mediastinum
Thymus, Great vessels, trachea, esophagus, thoracic duct, vagus, phrenic and left recurrent laryngeal nerve
the thoracic duct lies between what two structures anterior and posteriorly
Esophagus and vertebra
At what rib level do the brachiocephalic veins unite to form the SVC?
At the inferior border of the 1st right costal cartilage
The recurrent laryngeal nerves arise from this nerve
Vagus nerve
The internal thoracic arteries originate here
What is the Subclavian arteries
An abnormal narrowing of the descending aorta
Coarctation of the aorta
Which nerve may be damaged by an aneurysm of the aorta or by bronchogenic or esophageal carcinoma?
The left recurrent laryngeal nerve
The thoracic aorta begins and ends at the levels of these vertebra
Level at which the esophagus passes through the esophageal hiatus in the diaphragm
At the level of T10 anterior to the aorta
The origin of the phrenic nerve
Anterior rami of C3-C5 nerves
Distribution of the phrenic nerve
The central portion of the diaphragm
Distribution of the Vagus nerve
Pulmonary plexus, esophageal and cardiac plexus
Origin of the pulmorary plexus
Vagus nerve and sympathetic trunk
This nerve supplies sympathetic innervation to most of the abdominal viscera
the splanchnic nerves
Which vein is commonly harvested for coronary bypass
the great saphenous vein
A collection of nerve cell bodies in the CNS is called
a nucleus
A collection of nerve cell bodies in the PNS
a ganglion