Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is an inorganic molecule?
molecule that does not contain carbon
what are some inorganic molecules?
water, acids, bases, salts
what are acids?
proton donors
what are bases?
proton acceptors
what are salts?
what are the different carbohydrates?
monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharides
what is an example of a monosaccharide?
glucose and fructose
what is an example of a disaccharide?
sucrose and maltose
what is an example of a polysaccharide?
glycogen and starch
what are the types of lipids?
fats, phospholipids and steroids
what determines a protein's 3-D shape?
its amino acid sequence
what determines a protein's function?
its 3-D shape
why is the tertiary structure important in a protein?
its function depends on the tertiary structure, if this is disrupted, the protein becomes denatured
what is a denatured protein?
protein that is no longer functional
what are two nucleic acids?
what are the structure and bases of DNA?
double stranded helix, A,T,C,G(adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine)
what are the structure and bases of RNA?
single stranded, A,C,G,U(adenine, Cytosine, Guanine, Uracil
what kind of sugar is DNA?
what kind of sugar is RNA?
who were Watson and Crick?
found out that DNA was a double helix structure
in the PH scale what number is considered neutral?
what numbers in the ph scale are considered acidic?
any numbers less than 7
what numbers in the ph scale are considered basic?
any numbers greater than 7
what do buffers do?
resist changes in ph solutions when either acids or bases are added
what is sickle cell anemia?
an inherited disease where blood cells are abnormal and Hb(hemoglobin protein) is altered and the blood cells become crescent shaped instead of disc shaped
what is a cell?
the smallest unit of life
what is the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
prokaryotic cells lack a true nucleus, eukaryotic cells have had atleast 1 nucleus in their lifetime
what are the eukaryotic cell components?
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, organelles, nucleus
what is the main function of the plasma membrane?
controls movement in/out of the cell
what is the main function of the cytoplasm?
is the site where most chemical reactions take place
what is the function of the organelles?
dependent on the specific structure and function of the cell, are found within the cytoplasm
what is the function of the nucleus?
contains most of the genetic information of the cell