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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Prone
lying face down
Supine
lying with face up
Terms of Relationship
Anterior (ventral)
near front surface
Terms of Relationship
Posterior (caudal)
near back surface
Terms of Relationship
Superior (cranial, cephalic)
near the head
Terms of Relationship
inferior (caudal)
near feet
Terms of Relationship
medial
near midline
Terms of Relationship
lateral
away from midline
Terms of Relationship
Palmar (volar)
anterior surface of hand
Terms of Relationship
Plantar
inferior surface of foot
Terms of Relationship
Dorsum
opposite suface of hand and foot
Terms of Comparison
Proximal
near trunk or origin of a structure
Terms of Comparison
Distal
Farther from the trunk or origin of the structure
Terms of Comparison
Superficial
near to skin surface
Terms of Comparison
Deep
remoteness from the skin surface
Terms of Comparison
Internal (inferior)
inside a body cavity or hollow organ
Terms of Comparison
external (exterior)
outside a body cavity or hollow organ
Terms R/T Anatomical Plane
Sagittal
vertical anteroposterior plane parallel to and including median plane
Terms R/T Anatomical Plane
Coronal (frontal)
vertical side to side at right angles to the sagittal plane
Terms R/T Anatomical Plane
Transverse
in any plane at right angles to the long axis of the body or limb
Terms R/T Anatomical Plane
Oblique
plane at any other angle
Terms R/T Muscles
Origin
proximal attachment of a limb muscle or the more fixed attachment
Terms R/T Muscles
Insertion
distal attachment of a limb muscle or more movable attachment
Terms R/T Muscles
Flexion
bending or decrease angle between body parts
Terms R/T Muscles
Extension
straightening or increasing the angle between body parts
Terms R/T Muscles
Flexor surface (preaxial)
anterior in the upper limb and posterior in the lower limb
Terms R/T Muscles
Extensor surface (postaxial)
posterior in the upper limb and anterior in the lower limb
Terms R/T Muscles
Abduction
in movement away from the median plane
Terms R/T Muscles
Adduction
movement toward the median plane
Terms R/T Muscles
Circumduction
is a combined movement involving flexion, abduction, extension and adduction in sequence
Terms R/T Muscles
Rotation
movement around a long axis; medial(internal) and lateral (external)
Terms R/T Muscles
Pronation
turning of the palm down or posterior
Terms R/T Muscles
Supination
turning palm forward or anterior
Terms R/T Muscles
Inversion
is the movement of the palm down or posterior
Terms R/T Muscles
Eversion
movement of the plantar surface laterally
Terms R/T Muscles
Protraction (protrusion)
movement of a structure anteriorly
Terms R/T Muscles
Retraction (retrusion)
movement of a structure posteriorly