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14 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Body erect, feet slightly apart, palms facing forward, thumbs point away from the body
Anatomical Position
Toward the head



Away from the head
Superior



Inferior
Toward the front



Toward the Back
Anterior



Posterior
Toward the midline

Away from midline

Btw medial/lateral structure
Medial

Lateral

Intermediate
Closer to the origin of the body


Farther from the Origin of the body
Proximal


Distal
Toward the body surface (skin)



Away from the body surface
Superficial



Deep
Portion of skeleton forming central axis of body;head neck trunk
Bones os appendages and appendage girdles attached to the remaining skeleton
Axial



Appendicular
Plane that divides the body into right and left parts

Plane that lies on the midline
sagittal



midsagittal or medial
Divides the body into Anterior and posterior planes.
Divides the body into superior/inferor.
Cuts made diagonally
Frontal or Coronal

Transverse or Horizontal

Oblique plane
Protects the nervous system and is divided into 2 subdivisions:
Within the skull and encases brain.
Runs within the vertebral column and encases the spinal cord
Dorsal cavity

Cranial cavity

Vertebral cavity
Houses the internal organs (visera) and divided into two subdivisions:
Ventral Cavity

Thoracic cavity

Abdominolpelvic cavity
superior cavity subdivided into two.
1. Each houses a lung.
2. Encloses the heart.
Thoracic cavity

1. Pleural cavity

2. Pericardial cavity
Separated from the superior thoracic cavity by the dome shaped diaphragm.
Contains stomach, intestines, spleen, liver, other organs
Contains the bladder, reproductive organs and rectum
Abdominolpelvic cavity

Abdominal cavity

Pelvic cavity
Ventral body cavity membranes
Internal body walls
Covers the organs
Separates the serosae
Parietal serosa

Visceral serosa

Serous fluid