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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Arthrology
MD's study development, physiology
Kinesiology
PhD's study dynamic aspect, athletics
Fibrous (structure)
fibrous connective tissue, no cavity
Cartilaginous (structure)
cartilage, no cavity
Synovial (structure)
capsule, joint cavity
Synartrhoses (function)
immovable joints
Amphiarthroses (function)
slightly movable joints
Diarthroses (function)
freely movable joints
Fibrous Joints
sutures- sagittal, lamdoidal (syn)
syndesmoses- tibia-fibula, radius-ulna (amphi)
gomphoses- tooth in alveolus (amphi-syn)
Cartilaginous Joints
symphyses- fibrocartilage discs (amphi)
synchondroses- hyaline costosternal (amphi-syn)
Bony Joints
synostoses- suture ossified frontal/mandible (syn)
Synovial Joints
hyaline seperates bones
fibrous capsule holds together
serous membrange with synovial fluid in cavity
(di)
Gliding
intercarpals, intertarsals
Hinge
elbow, knee, phalnges
Pivot
atlantoaxial, radioulnar
Condyloid
metacarpals and proximal phalanges (not quite a perfect circle)
Saddle
thumb
Ball and Socket
hip and shoulder
Flexion
decrease angle b/n bones
Extension
increase angle b/n bones
Abduction
taking bone away from origin
Adduction
returning bone to origin
Rotation
spining on longitudinal axis -- atlantoaxial, radialulnar
Supination
palm up (bones parallel)
Pronation
palm down (bones crossed)
Circumduction
trace a circle
Inversion
stand on lateral edge of foot
Eversion
stand on medial edge of foot
Protraction
move forward
Retraction
move backward
Elevation
raise
Depression
lower
Levers
fulcrum, effort, resistance
First class
E-F-R
ex. head balancing on occipital condyles
Second class
E-R-F
ex. balancing on toes
Third class
F-E-R
ex. bicep muscle movement
TMJ
temporomandibular joint
hinge and gliding joint
depression/elevation
protraction/retraction
lateral rotary movement
(pain, vertigo, tinnitus)
Fusiform
biceps brachii
Parallel
rectus abdominis
Convergent
pectoralis major
Bipennate
rectus femoris
Multipennate
deltoid
Circular
orbicularis oculi
Intrinsic Muscles
origin and insertion within particular structure
ex. within tongue, eyeball
Extrinsic Muscles
origin outside particular structure
ex. muscle to protrude tongue, move eyeball
Innervation
head/neck- cranial nerves (III IV VII)
rest of body- spinal nerves (T1 L4)
Prime Mover
agonist, most of energy
Synergist
work with agonist
Antagonist
oppose agonist
Fixator
anchor body part for other muscles to work
Naming
shape, location, attachment, size, orientation, relative position, function
Aponeurosis
flattened, sheet-like tendon
Endomysium
c.t. around muscle fiber
Perimysium
c.t. around fasicle (bundle) of fibers
Epimysium
c.t. around all bundles