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80 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
define anatomy
the study of the structure
name and define two subdivisions
of anatomy
gross anatomy- to sructures that can be observed with the naked eye/or disected
microscopic anatomy- structures only seen with a microscope
define physiology
the study of the function of the body
define anatomical position
body standing erect arm by side with hands ,palms and feet facing foward
in anatomical position the paitent right side is accross from your
left side
something toward the midline is said to be
medial
something away from the midline is called
lateral
arms and legs are known as
extremities
the front of the body is called
ventral or anterior section
the back section of body is called
dorsal or posterior side
two major cavities of the body
the dorsal or posterior containing the cranial and spinal cavity./the ventral or anterior cavity containing the thoratic,abdomen and pelvic cavities.
organs within the thoratic cavity
heart, lungs and great vessels
vena cava and aorta
organs within the abdominal cavity
stomach,liver,pancreas,gallbladder,
small intestines ,large intestines
organs within the pelvic cavity
bladder,reproductive organs,a small partof large intestines.
organs within the dorsal cavity
brain and spinal cord
name the divitions of microscopic anatomy
cytology-study of cells
histology-study of tissue
organs contained in the cranial cavity
the brain
organs contained in the spinal cavity
spinal cord
if a body is cut in an imaginary line vertically down the front
sagital plane or median plane
a sagital plane cut the body into what
left and right halves
the term medial refers to
towards the center of the body
the term lateral refers to
towards the side of the body
the term proximal refers to
closest to the body (trunk)
the term distal refers to
furthor away from the body (trunk)furthest point of attachment
proximal and distal refers to
describe relation of extremities to trunk
if an invisible line is drawn
to make the body front and back sides it is called
frontal/coronal plane
frontal or coronal plane divides the body how
divides body into back and front
anterior/ventral-front
posterior/dorsal-back
if an invisible line is drawn across the body it is called
divides the body into top/bottom
transverse plane
transverse plane is also called
cross section
in a transverse plane the top part of the line is called
superior
bottom part of transverse plane is called
inferior
body cavities are divided into
2 main cavaties what are they
DORSAL/POSTERIOR
ANTERIOR/VENTRAL
VENTRAL/ANTERIOR CAVITIES ARE DIVIDED BY /
DIAPHRAM
THE ABDOMIN0LPELVIC CAVITY HAS HOW MANY PARTS
THREE THORATIC CAVITY,UPPER ABDOMINAL CAVITY AND LOWER PELVIC CAVITY
WHERE ARE THE KIDNEYS LOCATED
RETROPERITONEAL CAVITY
NAME ALL CAVITIES IN BODY
CRANIEL CAVITY PROTECTS BRAIN
SPINAL CAVITY-PROTECTS SPINAL CORD
ABDOMINAL PROTECT STOMACH,SPLEEN.PANCREAS ,GALLBLADDER, SMALL INTESTINES LARGE INTESTINE
PELVIC PROTECTS BLADDER, REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS AND SMALL PART LRG INTESTINES
RETROPERITONEAL CAVITY-KIDNEYS
ORBITAL -EYES/NASAL-NOSE/BUCCAL MOUTH
ABDOMINAL REGIONS
2 WAYS TO RECORD
EITHER RIGHT UPPER QUADRENT
LFT UPPER QUADRENT RIGHT LOWER QUADRENT LEFT LOWER QUADRENT
9 REGIONS OF ABDOMEN
RT HYPOCHONDRIC/EPIGASTRIC REGION/LFT HYPOCHONDRIC/RT LUMBER/UMBILIC REGION/LFT LUMBER REGION/RT ILLIAC REGION(INGUINAL)
LFT ILLIAC REGION(INGUINAL)
LIST 10 STRUCTURES OF CELL
CYTOPLASM,PINOCYTIC VESICLE,CELL MEMBRANE, CENTRIOLS, ENDOPLASMIC RETRICULUM,GOGLI APPARATUS,MITOCHONDRIA,RIBOSOME,NUCLEUS,LYSOSOMES
THREE THING THAT CAN CAUSE a mutation
enviromental,genetic,congenital
three types of inheritance pattern how they affect inherited traits
dominant-dominant disorders are milder
reccesive does not result in a recognizable trait unless 2 are present
six processes of transport thru cell menbrane
osmosis,diffusion,filtration,active
phagocytosis,pinocytosis
osmosis is
process of diffusion of water from higher to lower concentration
diffusion is
gas,liquid,solid higher to lower concentration
filtration
process of movement thru force such as gravity or bp
active transport
lower concentration from lower to higher with the use of atp
phagocytosis
cell eating
pinocytosis
cell drinking
osmotic characteristics are characterized by their effect on
red blood cells
if ostmotic pressure is the same it is called
isotonic
when osmolality is lower it is called
hypotonic
when osmolality is higher it is called
hypertonic
a salt solution that is the same as blood cells is called
normal saline
where can you find acetic acid
vineger
where can you find boric acid
weak eyewash
where can you find hydrochloric acid
in stomach
where can you find sulfuric acid
batteries
where can you find ammonium hydroxide
household liquid cleaners
magnesium hydroxide
milk of magnesia
sodium hydroxide
lye
alkaline or acid 8.0
where in body
alkaline,pancreatic juice
alakline or acid 7.4
where in the body
alkaline/blood
alakline or acid 6.o
where in the body
acidic/urine
alakline or acid 7.3
where in the body
alkaline/tears
alakline or acidic 1.5
where in the body
acidic/gastric juice
what is a verticle split in upper lip
cleft lip
what is opening at the top of mouth
cleft palate
has small head slanting eyes
downs syndrome
a malformation of the spine
spina bifida
a male with long legs with short obese trunk
klinefelters syndrome
malformation of 1 or both feet
TALIPES
FEMALE WITH WEBBING OF THE NECK
TURNERS SYNDROME
PROJECT THAT SEQUENCED GENES
THE HUMAN GENOME PROJECT
WHAT CAN DNA FINGERPRINTING DO
CAN BE USED TO DETECT DISEASE GIVE BENCH MARKERS FOR THING LIKE BREAST CANCER , DIABETES
FOUR TYPES OF TISSUES
EPITHELIAL,MUSCLE,CONNECTIVE,
NERVE
WHERE CAN EPITHELIAL TISSUE BE FOUND
SKIN, INTERNAL ORGANS,GLANDS
WHERE CAN NERVE tissue be found
SENSORY,MOTOR,CONNECTING NEURONS
WHERE CAN CONNECTIVE TISSUES BE FOUND
BLOOD-LYMPH VESSELS,TENDONS-MUSCLES,ADIPOSE TISSUE
WHERE CAN MUSCLE TISSUE BE FOUND
smooth,skeletal, cardiac
10 body systems
muscular,endocrine,respiratory,nervous,
reproductive,urinary, integumentary,skeletal,circulatory