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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a slightly movable joint
appendicular skeleton
fbones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the axial skeleton.
articular cartilage
hyaline cartilage that covers the ends of the bones forming the joint.
joints; point where two bones meet.
axial skeleton
the bones of the skull, vertebral column, thorax, and sternum
bony thorax
bones of the thorax, including ribs, sternum, and thoracic vertebrae.
cartilaginous joint
joints that connect the ends of bones
compact bone
one of the two types of bone. compact bone is dense, looks smooth and homogenous.
compact bone shaft that makes up the largest portion of a long bone's length.
freely movable joints
epiphyseal plate
a flat plane of hyaline cartilage that cause the lengthwise growth of a long bone.
the end of a long bone
fibrous joint
bones that are united by fibrous tissue. example: sutures of the skull
flat bones
thin, flattened, and usually curved bones. they have two layers of compacy bone sandwiching a layer of spongy bone between them. examples: skull, ribs, sternum
intervertebral disks
the disks of fibrocartilage between the vertebrae
irregular bones
bones that are irregularly shaped, which is to say they are not long, short, or flat bones. examples include the vertebrae and hip bones
a cord of fibrous tissue that connect bones
long bones
bones that are typically longer than they are wide. they have shafts with heads at both ends. mostly compact bone. bones of the limbs (except wrist and ankle bones) are long bones
pelvic girdle
incomplete bony basin formed by the two coxal bones that secures the lower limbs to the sacrum of the axial skeleton.
double layered connective tissue that covers and nourishes the bone
red marrow
the cavity of the shaft of bone in infants that form red blood cells. in adult bones, red marrow is confined to the cavities of spongy bone of flat bones and the epiphyses of some long bones
short bones
generally cube shaped spongy bones. wrist and ankle bones are short bones
shoulder girdle
composite of two bones, scapula and clavicle, that attach the upper limb to the axial skeleton; also called the pectoral girdle
bony enclosure for brain
spongy bone
bone composed of small needlelike pieces of bone and lots of open space
immovable joints
synovial joint
freely movable joint exhibiting a joint cavity enclosed by an articular (fibrous) capsule lined with synovial membrane.
vertebral column
the spine, formed of a number of individual bones called vertebrae and two composite bones (sacrum and coccyx)
yellow marrow
adipose (fat) tissue stored within the cavity of the shaft of adult bones