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85 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Hydrogen H
influences pH
Carbon C
backbone of organic molecules
Sulfur S
important protein structure
Sodium Na
Chlorine Cl
Potassium K
Calcium Ca
perfect concention for nerve and muscle concentration
Oxygen O
ATP - metabolism
Nitrogen N
backbone atom of amino acids
Phosphorus P
part of the ATP molecule
Iron Fe
hemoglobin - binding pigment in red blood cells (kidneys)
water H2O
universal solvent. medium for chemical reactions in our body and heat renovation.
carbon dioxide CO2
waste product of making ATP
Carbonic Acid H2CO3
Phosphate H2PO4
buffer our blood and mlecules (buffers stabalize pH)
monosaccharides
glucose is important to humans. Any of several carbohydrates that cannot be broken down to simpler sugars by hydrolysis.
disaccharides
2 monosaccharides
sucrose - table sugar
polysaccharides
many monosaccharides bound together.
starch
plants store their extra clugose as starch. used for energy.
cellulose
not soluble in water. not digestible by humans. (fiber)
glycogen
animals s tore for quick energy. store in muscle and liver
lipids
insolucble in our body. stored for long term energy
fatty acids
chains that come off glycerol
glycerol
backbone.
Carbonic Acid H2CO3
Phosphate H2PO4
buffer our blood and mlecules (buffers stabalize pH)
monosaccharides
glucose is important to humans. Any of several carbohydrates that cannot be broken down to simpler sugars by hydrolysis.
disaccharides
2 monosaccharides
sucrose - table sugar
polysaccharides
many monosaccharides bound together.
starch
plants store their extra clugose as starch. used for energy.
cellulose
not soluble in water. not digestible by humans. (fiber)
glycogen
animals s tore for quick energy. store in muscle and liver
lipids
insolucble in our body. stored for long term energy
fatty acids
chains that come off glycerol
glycerol
backbone.
Hydrogen H
influences pH
Carbon C
backbone of organic molecules
Sulfur S
important protein structure
Sodium Na
Chlorine Cl
Potassium K
Calcium Ca
perfect concention for nerve and muscle concentration
Oxygen O
ATP - metabolism
Nitrogen N
backbone atom of amino acids
Phosphorus P
part of the ATP molecule
Iron Fe
hemoglobin - binding pigment in red blood cells (kidneys)
water H2O
universal solvent. medium for chemical reactions in our body and heat renovation.
carbon dioxide CO2
waste product of making ATP
di & tri peptides
tiny proteins
polypeptides
synonym for proteins
protein
group of complex organic macromolecules
peptides
fan
nucleic acids
least abundant but most important
DNA
4 bases (T,A,C,G). consists of a sugar and phosphate group. stays in the nucleus. used to make RNA
RNA
single stranded and leaves the nucleus. used to make protein
ATP
nucleic acid. energy currency of all cells. gets broken down into ADP. everything you eat gets turned into ATP. mitochondria breaks it down
phospholipid bilayer
basic structure of all membranes
membrane proteins
fluid mosaic model
integral membrane proteins
embedded to the lipid bilayer
perpheral proteins
attach to the membranes surface
internal membrane proteins; actin
contractyle protein (also known as filaments) allows it to move.
protoplasm
makes up necleumplasm & cytoplasm
cytoplasm
blood of cells (cytosol). outside nucleus.
nucleumplasm
cytoplasm of the nucleus. includes chromatin.
pseudopods
involved in endocytosis. "false feet."
exocytosis
substances move from the cytoplasm to the outside of cell.
endocytosis
large paricles and macromolecules enter cells.
phagocytosis
cell eating. pseudopod encases the bacteria.
pinocytosis
cell drinking. (small intestine).
receptor-mediated endocytosis
bringing a specific molecule into the cell.
microvilli
evagination of a cell. (kidney tibules/small intestine)
cilia
move external to the cell. (respratory tract/falopean tubes)
flagella
propels. sperm - only thing that has flagella
vesicles
membrane bound organelle that packages something
nucleus
holds genetic info (DNA). RNA is made here.
nuclear membrane
has nuclear pores.
nucleolus
makes ribosomal subunits
ribosomal subunits and ribosomes
goes to endoplasmic reticulum
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
no ribosomes. makes lipids. stores calcium.
rough endoplasmic reticulum
protein synthesis.
golgi apparatus
packages protein. "Post office"
secretory granules
vesiceles near the membrane. (saliva)
lysosomes
stomach of the cell. contains powerful digestive enxymes.
peroxisomes
deals with and gets rid of preradicals (which cause cells to age)using oxygen.
mitochondria
aerobic cellular respiration. has its own DNA ribosomes. mitochondria reproduces regardless is the cell does or not.
cytomusculoskeleton
allows cell to move. helps stuff in the cell to move & maintains the shape.
centrioles
cell division & building cilia & flagella.
basal bodies of cilia
the centriole at the base of all cilia
inclusions
not membrane bound
fat inclusions
many cells
glycogen
skeletal muscle and liver cells
mitosis
make cells grow. (zygote in fallopian tubes). replaces dead cells. occurs in all somatic cells
meiosis
end up with 4 cells instead of 2. (gonads)