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46 Cards in this Set

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Descending pectoral m.
Origin: The first sternebrae

Insertion: The crest of the greater tubercle of the humerus
Transverse pectoral m.
Origin: The first two or three sternebrae

Insertion: The crest of the greater tubercle of the humerus
Deep pectoral m.
Origin: The ventral part of the sternum and the fibrous raphe between fellow m.

Insertion: The lesser tubercle of the humerus; an aponeurosis to the greater tubercle and its crest;; the caudal part to the medial brachial fascia
Brachiocephalicus m.
Compound- broken into cleidobrachialus and cledicephailcus, which is broken down into cleidomastoideus and cleidocervicalis
Cleidobrachialus
Origin: Clavicular intersection

Insertion: The humerus
Cleidomastoideus
Origin: Clavicular intersection

Insertion: The mastoid process of the skull
Cleidocervicalis
Origin: Clavicular intersection

Insertion: Dorsal midline of the neck
Sternocephalicus
Divides into the sternomastoideus and the sterno-occipitalis
Sternomastoideus
Origin: The manubrium

Insertion: The mastoid part of the temporal bone
Sterno-occipitalis
Origin: The manubrium

Insertion: The nuchal crest of the occipital bone
Sternohyoideus m.
Origin: The first sternebra and the first costal cartilage

Insertion: The basihyoid bone
Sternothyroideus m.
Origin: The first costal cartilage

Insertion: The caudolateral surface of the thyroid cartilage
Omotransversarius m.
Origin: The transverse wing of the atlas

Insertion: The distal end of the spine of the scapula
Trapezius m.
Divided in cervical and thoracic parts, separated by an aponeurosis

Origin: The median raphe of the neck and the supraspinous ligament from C3 to T9

Insertion: The spine of the scapula
Rhomboideus capitis m.
Origin: The nuchal crest of the occipital bone

Insertion: The cranial dorsal border of the scapula
Rhomboideus cervicis m.
Origin: The median fibrous raphe of the neck

Insertion: The dorsal border of the scapula
Rhomboideus thoracis m.
Origin: The spinous processes of the first seven thoracic vertebrae

Insertion: The dorsal border of the scapula
Latissimus dorsi m.
Origin: The thoracolumbar fascia from the spinous processes of the lumber and last 7-8 thoracic vertebrae; a muscular attachment to the last 2-3 ribs

Insertion: The teres major tuberosity of the humerus and the teres major tendon
Serratus ventralis cervicis m.
Origin: The transverse processes of the last five cervical vertebrae

Insertion: The dorsomedial third of the scapula (serrated face)
Serratus ventralis thoracis m.
Origin: The first seven or eight ribs ventral to their middle

Insertion: The dorsomedial third of the scapula (serrated face)
Deltoidus m. (2 parts)
Origin: The spine (scapular part) and acromion (acromial part) of the scapula

Insertion: The deltoid tuberosity
Infraspinatus m.
Origin: The infraspinous fossa

Insertion: A small, circumscribed area on the lateral side of the greater tubercle of the humerus
Supraspinatus m.
Origin: The supraspinous fossa

Insertion: The greater tubercle of the humerus, by a thick tendon
Subscapularis m.
Origin: The subscapular fossa

Insertion: The lesser tubercle of the humerus
Teres major m.
Origin: The caudal angle and adjacent caudal border of the scapula; the caudal surface of the subscapularis

Insertion: The teres major tuberosity of the humerus
Triceps brachii m.
Four heads in the dog: long, lateral, accessory, and medial
Long head of the triceps brachii m.
Origin: The caudal border of the scapula

Insertion: The olecranon tuber
Lateral head of the triceps brachii m.
Origin: The tricipital line of the humerus

Insertion: The olecranon tuber
Accessory head of the triceps brachii m.
Origin: The neck of the humerus

Insertion: The olecranon tuber
Medial head of the triceps brachii m.
Origin: The crest of the lesser tubercle near the teres major tuberosity

Insertion: The olecranon
Anconeus m.
Origin: The lateral supracondylar crest and the lateral and medial epicondyles of the humerus

Insertion: The lateral surface of the proximal end of the ulna (the olecranon)
Biceps brachii m.
Origin: The supraglenoid tubercle

Insertion: The ulnar and radial tuberosities
Brachialis m.
Origin: The proximal third of the lateral surface of the humerus

Insertion: The ulnar and radial tuberosities
Extensor carpi radialis m.
Origin: The lateral supracondylar crest

Insertion: The small tuberosities on the dorsal surfaces of the base of metacarpals II and III
Common digital extensor m.
Origin: The lateral epicondyle of the humerus

Insertion: The extensor processes of the distal phalanges of digits II, III, IV, and V
Lateral digital extensor m.
Origin: The lateral epicondyle of the humerus

Insertion: The proximal ends of all the phalanges of digits III, IV, and V
Ulnaris lateralis m.
Origin: The lateral epicondyle of the humerus

Insertion: The lateral aspect of the proximal end of metacarpal V and the accessory carpal bone
Supinator m.
Origin: The lateral epicondyle of the humerus

Insertion: The cranial surface of the proximal fourth of the radius
Abductor pollicis longus m.
Origin: The lateral border and cranial surface of the body of the ulna; the interosseous membrane

Insertion: The proximal end of metacarpal I
Pronator teres m.
Origin: The medial epicondyle of the humerus

Insertion: The medial border of the radius between the proximal and middle thirds
Flexor carpi radialis m.
Origin: Medial epicondyle of the humerus; medial border of the radius

Insertion: Palmar side of the base of metacarpals 2 and 3
Superficial digital flexor m
Origin: Medial epicondyle of the humerus

Insertion: The palmar surface of the base of the middle phalanges of digits 2, 3, 4 and 5
Flexor carpi ulnaris m.
Origin: Caudal border of the proximal end of the ulna; medial surface of the olecranon; medial epicondyle of the humerus

Insertion: Accessory carpal bone
Deep digital flexor m.
Origin: Medial epicondyle of the humerus; Proximal ¾ of the caudal border of the ulna; Middle third of the medial border of the radius

Insertion: Palmar surface of the proximal end or base of the distal phalanx of each digit
Pronator quadratus m.
Origin and insertion: Apposed surfaces of the radius and ulna
Interossei m.
Origin: Base of the muscles respective metacarpal bone; respective carpal joint capsule

Insertion: Base of the respective proximal phalanx