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104 Cards in this Set

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Carry blood away from the heart
Arteries
Carry blood toward the heart
Veins
Tunic which lines the lumen of a vessel, a single thin layer of endothelium that is continuous with the endocardium of the heart
Tunica intima
Bulky middle coat of blood vessels which is made primarily of smooth muscle and elastic tissue
Tunica media
Outermost tunic, is composed of fibrous connective tissue.
Tunica externa
Tunic made primarily of smooth muscle and elastic tissue
Tunica media
Tunic composed of fibrous connective tissue
Tunica externa
Tunic composed of a single layer of endothelium
Tunica interna
Largest artery of the body
Aorta
Arteries that supply the myocardium
Right & Left coronary arteries
First branch of the aortic arch
Brachiocephalic trunk
The brachiocephalic artery splits and divides into the?
Right common carotid artery and the right subclavian artery
Artery that serves the brain
Internal carotid artery
Artery that supplies the tissues external to the skull in the neck and head
External carotid artery
Small artery that serves the diaphragm
Phrenic artery
Small artery that serves the esphagus
Esophageal arteries
Small artery that serves the bronchi
Bronchial arteries
Artery that supplies to the stomach
Left gastric artery
Artery that supplies to the spleen
Splenic artery
What does the common hepatic artery branch off to?
the stomach, small intestine, and pancreas
Artery that branches off to the stomach, small intestine, and pancreas
Common hepatic artery
The largest branch of the abdominal aorta, supplies most of the small intestine and the first half of the large intestine
Superior mesenteric artery
Artery that supplies the kidneys
Renal arteries
Artery that supplies the ovaries and the testes
Gonadal arteries
Artery that supplies the distal half of the large intestine
Inferior mesenteric artery
Arteries that serve the pelvis, lower abdominal wall, and the lower limbs
Common iliac arteries
Tunic: Its smooth surface decreases friction
Tunica intima
Tunic of capillaries
Tunica intima
Tunic that is especially thick in arteries
Tunica media
Which vessel may have valves? Arteries or Veins?
Veins
Which depends on the respiratory and muscular pumps? Arteries or Veins?
Veins
Which of these vessels depends on its elasticity to propel blood along? Arteries or Veins?
Arteries
The arterial system has one of these; the venous system has two
Brachiocephalic
Longest vein in the body
Great saphenous
Artery on the foot checked after leg surgery
Dorsalis pedis
Serves the posterior thigh
Deep femoral
Formed by the union of the radial and ulnar veins
Brachial
Two superfical veins of the arm
basilic and cephalic
Drains the pelvic organs and lower limbs
Common iliac or internal iliac
What the external iliac vein drains into in the pelvis
Common iliac or internal iliac
Major artery serving the arm
Brachial
An arterial trunk that has 3 major branches, which runs to the liver, spleen, and stomach
Celiac trunk
2 veins that join, forming the popliteal vein
Posterior tibial and anterior tibial
Artery generally used to take the pulse at the wrist
Radial
What is the source of blood in the hepatic portal system?
blood drained from the digestive viscera
The hepatic portal vein is formed by the union of the?
Splenic vein
Name given to the communication network is a protective device that provides an alternate set of pathways for blood to reach the brain tissue in the case of impaired blood flow
Circle of Willis
In a healthy heart, what part of the heart contracts simultaneously?
Atria
The blood pressure when the ventricles are contracting
Systole
The blood pressure when the ventricles are relaxing
Diastole
The sequence of events in the heart between the start of one ctx & the start of the next
Cardiac cycle
When are the AV valves closed?
During ventricular systole
When are the semilunar valves closed?
During ventricular diastole
At what point in the cardiac cycle is the pressure in the heart highest?
Ventricular systole
The monosyllables describing the heart sounds are ____.
lub-dup
The first heart sound is a result of closure of the ____ valves.
AV
The 2nd heart sound is a result of closure of the ____ valves.
Semilunar
The heart chambers that have just been filled when you hear the 1st heart sound are the ____, and the chambers that have just emptied are the ____.
Ventricles; atria
Immediately after the 2nd heart sound, the ____ are filling with blood, and the ____ are empty.
Atria; ventricles
Which heart sound is longer, louder, and more booming?
Lub
Which heart sound is short and sharp?
Dup
Alternating surges of pressure in an artery that occur with each beat of the left ventricle
Pulse
Pressure point at the wrist where an artery is palpated
Radial artery
Pressure point in front of the ear where an artery is palpated
Temporal arter
Pressure point in the groin where an artery is palpated
Femoral artery
Pressure point on the dorsum of the foot where an artery is palpated
Dorsalis pedis artery
Pressure point At the side of the neck where an artery is palpated
Common carotid artery
Pressure point above the medial malleolus where an artery is palpated
Posterior tibial artery
Which blood spurts and is a brighter shade of red?
Arterial
Which blood flows smoothly and is a darker shade of red?
Venous
The pressure the blood exerts against the inner blood vessel walls
Blood pressure
What is the name of the instrument used to compress the artery and record pressures in the auscultatory method of determining blood pressure?
Sphygmomanometer
Indicate the resumption of blood flow into the forearm
sounds of Korotkoff
Increase or decrease BP: Increased diameter of the arterioles
Decrease
Increase or decrease BP: Increased blood viscosity
Increase
Increase or decrease BP: Increased cardiac output
Increase
Increase or decrease BP: Hemorrhage
Decrease
Increase or decrease BP: Arteriosclerosis
Increase
Increase or decrease BP: Increased pulse rate
Increase
Mode of transmission like eating uncooked food, kissing, sexual contact, mom to baby, etc
Direct contact
Mode of transmission like drinking after someone, fomites (touching a contaminated object after a sick person has touched it)
Indirect contact
Mode of transmission like sneezing, coughing; Must be in close proximity of contaminated person
Droplets
Cartilage that forms the Adam's apple
Thyroid cartilage
Cartilage that is broader anteriorly
Cricoid cartilage
Cartilage that is a "lid" for the larynx
Epiglottis
What is the function of the pleural membranes?
Produce lubricating serous fluid that causes them to adhere
Functions of the nasal cavity mucosa
Warms, moistens, and filters air
Which bronchi is longer?
Left
Which bronchi is larger in diameter?
Right
Which bronchi is more horizontal?
Left
Nerve that activates the diaphragm during inspiration
Phrenic nerve
"floor" of the nasal cavity
Palate
Food and fluid passageway inferior to the laryngopharynx
Esophagus
Flaps over the glottis during swallowing of food
Epiglottis
Contains the vocal cords
Larynx
The part of the conducting pathway between the larynx and the primary bronchi
Trachea
Pleural layer lining the walls of the thorax
Parietal pleura
Site from which oxygen enters the pulmonary blood
Alveolus
Opening between the vocal folds
Glottis
Increases air turbulence in the nasal cavity
Concha
Gas exchanges to and from the pulmonary circuit blood that occur in the lungs (oxygen loading and carbon dioxide unloading)
External respiration
Exchange of gases to and from the blood capillaries of the systemic circulation (oxygen unloading and carbon dioxide loading)
Internal respiration
Propels mucus loaded with dust particles, bacteria, and other debris away from the lungs where it can be spat out or swallowed
Cilia
Produce mucus
Goblet cells