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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what are some glands?
endocrine, exocrine, merocrine, apocrine, holocrine
what are endocrine glands? what are some examples?
secrete hormones, become seperated from the epithelium from which it developed; pituitary gland, adrenal gland
what are exocrine glands? what are some examples?
glands that maintain an open contact with the epithelium from which it developed, secretions that are produced go through a tube-like passage way(duct) to get to the surface; mucus gland digestive gland
what ia an apocrine gland?
accumulate their secretory product at the apical surface of the secreting cells, portion pinches off and forms the secretion, cell repairs itself; mammary glands
what happens in the holocrine gland? What is an example of a holocrine gland?
secretory gland accumulates in cytoplasm cell dies and is discharged with its contents as the secretion, cell is replaced; sebaceous glands
what are ducts?
tube-like passageways that secretions flow through in the exocrine gland
what are HORMONES?
secretions in the endocrine gland
what are the 3 types of muscle tissue?
skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle
nervous tissues are generally made up of what?
neuroglial cells and neurons
what is the function of a dendrite?
act to conduct the electrical stimulation recieved from other neural cells to the cell body
what is the function of an axon?
conduct electrical impulses away from the neuron's cell body or soma
where are mucous membranes found?
digestive system, reproductive system, excretory system, and respiratory system
where are serous membranes found?
thoracic and abodominal
where are synovial membranes found?
shoulder, thigh
what are the 5 manifestations of inflammation?
redness, heat, swelling, pain, and function disturbance
what are mitotic cells?
cells that continue to divide throughout life, damage repaired through regeneration
what are semi-mitotic cells?
cells that do not divide after growth ceases, but can still divide in response to injury (regeneration)
what are post mitotic cells?
cells with very limited ability to replicate, if killed, they are usually replaced with a different cell type