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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
What are the most common bacteria in cat bites? dog bites? human bites?
• Cat Bites: Pasteurella Multocida, S. Aureus
• Dog Bites: Pasteurella Multocida, S. Aureus
• Human Bites: Strep Virudens, S. Aureus
What 4 muscles make up the quadricep?
• vastus lateralis
• vastus intermedius
• vastus medialis
• rectus femoris
What is Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome?
• tenderness over lateral epicondyle at 30º flexion
• result of abrasion between iliotibial band and lateral femoral condyle
What makes up the hamstring?
• biceps femoris
• semitendinosus muscle
What is the most common site for peripheral aneurysms?
popliteal space
Which ligament of the knee is most responsible for medial/lateral stability when the knee is fully extended?
What is Osgood-Schlatters Disease?
• tibial tuberosity inflammation over the patella tendon in adolescents
• causes excessive pulling of the patellar tendon at the attachment on the top of the tibia
• occurs mostly in adolescents where the blood supply to the growing bone cannot keep pace with the stresses placed on it
What is Patella Femoral Sydrome or Chondromalacia Patella?
• degeneration of artilage under the surface of the patella
• aka "Runner's Knee"
• pain with ascending or descending stairs, running downhill, or sitting knees bent for prolonged periods
What is Prepatellar Bursitis?
• prepatellar bursa becomes inflammed
• brought on by unaccustomed kneeling on hard sufaces
• aka "Housemaid's Knee"
What are 4 possible causes of a popliteal mass?
• popliteal abscess
• tumor
• Baker's Cyst
• Popliteal aneurysm
What is a Baker's Cyst?
• aka popliteal cyst
• most common mass in the popliteal fossa
• results from fluid distension of the gastrocnemio-semimembranosus bursa
What is the most common cause of shin splints?
• inflammation of the periostium of the tibia
• an overuse injury and can be caused by running on hard surfaces or running on tip toes
How does compartment syndrome present?
• skin becomes erythematous, shiny, warm, tense, tender to palpation
• pain with passive plantar flexion of the foot
• paresthesias or foot drop
• severe pain
What is the most common compartment affected with compartment syndrome?
anterior tibial compartment
What is throbmophlebitis?
• inflammation of a vein caused by or associated with the formation of a blood clot
• usually occurs in the superficial veins
• patients with thrombophlebitis need to be evaluated for DVT
What is Virchow triad?
3 categories of risk factors for DVT
• venous stasis
• hypercoagulability
• vessel intimal injury
What are some signs/symptoms of DVT?
• edema, usually unilateral
• leg pain
• Homan's sign (discomfort in the calf muscle on forced dorsiflexion)
• warmth or erythema of the skin can present over the area of thrombosis
What test could you use to rule out a low probability DVT?
D-dimer assay
Name 2 angular limb deformities
• Bowlegs (Genu Varum)
• Knock knees (Genu Valgum)
What is Pes Planus?
flat feet
What are some common etiologies for having a limp?
• limb length inequalities

• infections: septic arthritis, osteomyelitis

• non-infectious causes: transient synovitis, juvenille rheumatoid arthritis, trauma, child abuse, degenerative dislocation of the hip (DDH), Legg Calve Perthe's disease (LCPD), slipped capitulum femoral ephysis (SCFE)

• Neoplasia: leukemia, primary bone tumor, metastatic disease