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24 Cards in this Set

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Anatomy - gross & microscopic

Physiology
Anatomy is the study of body structure
gross anatomy, microscopic anatomy (histology), and developmental anatomy.

Physiology
the study of body function
Hierarchy of Structural Organization
chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, and the human organism itself.
organ systems in the body
integumentary (skin),
skeletal, muscular,
nervous, endocrine,
circulatory (cardiovascular & immune),
respiratory,
digestive,
urinary, and
reproductive systems
Organ system

Organ Level
Organ system – organs working together for a common purpose

Organ level – a discrete structure made up of more than one tissue, most contain all 4 types of tissues
Examples of organs – brain, liver, femur, and duodenum
The basic structures we share with all other vertebrate animals are the
tube-within-a-tube body plan, bilateral symmetry, a dorsal hollow nerve cord, notochord and vertebrae, segmentation, and pharyngeal pouches.
dorsal vs Ventral
dorsal cavity, subdivided into the cranial and vertebral cavities; and

ventral body cavity, subdivided into the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavites.
Ventral Cavity contents
Within the ventral cavity are the visceral organs (heart, lungs, intestines, kidneys, etc.)
three serous cavities: pleural, pericardial, and peritoneal cavities. --cavities are lined by thin membranes, the parietal and visceral serosae (see Figure 1.9). The serosae produce a thin layer of lubricating fluid that decreases friction between moving organs.
Contents of thorasic cavity
•Thoracic cavity – divided into three parts
•Two lateral parts each containing a lung surrounded by a pleural cavity
•Mediastinum – contains the heart surrounded by the pericardial sac and other major thoracic organs such as the esophagus & trachea,
Mediastinum
Mediastinum –
contains the heart surrounded by the pericardial sac and other major thoracic organs such as the esophagus & trachea,
Diaphragm
Diaphragm separates the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities

inserts upon itself
Embryology
38 week prenatal period
embroytic period
body plan established
1st 8 weeks of of pre-natal development

est trunk mucscles, vert col, spinal cord, brain, digestive, respiratory tubes, serous cavaties, heart, kidneys, gonads, & limbs
zygote
fertilized egg
perichondrium

-peri

-chondrium
Perichondrium: A dense membrane composed of fibrous connective tissue that closely wraps (invests) all cartilage, except the cartilage in joints which is covered by a synovial membrane. Peri- is a prefix borrowed from the Greek meaning "around or about" and "-chondrium" also comes from a Greek word "chondros" meaning "cartilage or gristle."
Epidermis layers· From deep to superficial:
"Bad Skin Gets Little Calluses"
Basale
Spinosum
Granulosum
Lucidum
Corneum
Epidermis layers From superficial to deep:
"Come, Let's Get Sun Burned"
"Can Lori Get Some Gas?"
"Can Larry Get Some Beer?"
Corneum
Lucidum
Granulosum
Spinosum
Basale [Germinativum]
Skull Bones
STEP OFf my skull
"STEP OF 6 "
· The 6 skull bones are:
Sphenoid
Temporal
Ethmoid
Parietal
Occipital
Frontal
Facial Bones
"Virgil Can Not Make My Pet Zebra Laugh!":
Vomer
Conchae
Nasal
Maxilla
Mandible
Palatine
Zygomatic
Osteoblast vs. osteoclast
OsteoBlast Builds bone.
OsteoClast Consumes bone.
Vertebrae: number of facets
Thoracic
a typical thoracic has
Typical Thoracic has Ten facets.
Tibia vs. fibula: which is lateral
The FibuLA is LAteral.
vertebral body shape:
Thoracic is heart-shaped body since your heart is in your thorax.
Lumbar is kidney-bean shaped since kidneys are in lumbar area.
Elbow joint: radius vs. ulna ends
CRAzy TULips:
Capitalum = ULnar
Trochlear = RAdius
Elbow joint: capitulum vs. trochlea
CUTER:
Capitulum: Ulnar
Trochlea: Radial