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45 Cards in this Set

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Anatomical Position
Is a reference standard for anatomical terms. Standing upright(palms forward, thumbs outward)
Superior (cranial)
toward the head endo r upper part of a structure or the body; above
The head is superior to the abdomen.
Inferior (caudal)
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below
The navel is inferior to the chin.
Anterior (ventral)
Toward or at teh front of the body; in front of
The breastbone is anterior to the spine.
Posterior (Dorsal)
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
The heart is posterior to the breastbone.
Medial
Toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of
The heart is medial to the arm.
Lateral
Away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of
The arms are lateral to the chest.
Intermediate
Between a more medial and a more lateral structure.
The collarbone is intermediate between the breastbone and shoulder.
Proximal
Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.
The elbow is proximal to the wrist.
Distal
Father from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.
The knee is distal to the thigh
Superficial (external)
Toward or at the body surface
the skin is superficial to the skeletal muscles.
Deep (internal)
Away from the body surface; more inernal
The lungs are deep to the skin.
Regional terms
Used to identify specific areas within 2 major body divisions. (
Two major body divisions within the Regional Terms
Axial part and Appendicular part
What is the Axial Part
Head, neck and trunk(shoulders to hips)
What is Appendicular part
Limbs
What is the Nasal
Nose
What is the Oral
Mouth
What is the Cervical
Neck
What is the Acromial
Point of Shoulder
What is the Axillary
Armpit
What is the Abdominal
Abdomen
What is the Brachial
Arm
What is the Antecubital
Front of elbow
What is the Antebrachial
Forearm
What is the Pelvic
Pelvis
What is the Carpal
Wrist
What is the Pollex
Thumb
What is the Palmar
Palm
What is the Ditigal
Fingers and Toes
What is the Pubic
Renital Region
What is the Patellar
Anterior Knee
What is the Crural
Leg
What is the Pedal
Foot
What does the Pedal contain
the Tarsal and Digital(Toes)
What is the Tarsal
Ankle
What is the Frontal
Forehead
What is the Orbital
Eye
What is the Buccal
Cheek
What is the Mental
Chin
What is the Sternal
Breastbone
What is the Thoracic
Chest
What is the Mammary
Breast
What is the Umbilical
Nevel
What is the Coxal
Hip