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46 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
flexion
a decrease in the angle of a joint. Bending at the elbow, bending at the knee, bending at the waist.
extension
the return rom a flexed position. an increase in the angle of a joint.
hyperextension
an increase in the angle of a joint greater than 180 degrees.
abduction
movement of a limb in the coronal plane away from the body or midline.

"taking it away" from you body
adduction
movment of a limb in the coronal plane toward the body or midline.

"adding it" to your body
rotation
a circular movement around a fixed, longitudinal axis.

shaking head "no"
circumduction
a circular movement that maintains a fixed proximal position, while drawing an imaginary cirlce in the air at the distal end
elevation
a move in the superior direction

shrugging your shoulders
depression
a move in the inferior position
protraction
a horizontal move in the anterior direction

jutting your chin anteriorly
retraction
a horizontal move in the posterior direction
inversion
movement of the sole of the foot medially
eversion
movement of the sole of the foot laterally
supination
rotation of the forearm to position the palm anteriorly or superiorly
pronation
rotation of the forearm to position the palm posteriorly or inferiorly
plantar flexion
planting the toes so that the plantar surface of the foot is flexed
dorsiflexion
flexing the dorsum
orbicularis oris
compresses, purses lips
orbicularis oculi
closes eye
masseter
elevates mandible and closes jaw
trapezius
action on the scapula: can elevate, etract, depress, or rotate upward
sternocleidomastoid
together they flex the neck; alone, one side bends the neck toward shoulder and turns face to opposite side
pectoralis major
flexion, adduction, medial rotation at shoulder
deltoid
abduction of the shoulder
external intercostals
elevate ribs
internal intercostals
depress ribs
latissiumus dorsi
extension, adduction, medial rotation at shoulder
biceps brachii
flexion of the elbow
triceps medial head
brachii group: long head, lateral head
extension of the elbow
pronator teres
pronates forearm and hand by medial rotation of radius a radioulnar joint
supinator
supinates forearm and hand by lateral rotation of the radius at radioulnar joints
external obliue
compresses abdomen, depresses ribs, flexes or rotates vertebral column to the opposie side
internal oblique
compresses abdomen, depresses ribs, flexes or rotates vertebralcolumn to the same side
rectus abdominis
depresses ribs, vflexes vertebral column, compresses abdomen
transeverse abdominis
compresses abdomen
gluteus maximus
extension and lateral rotation at the hip
gluteus medius
abduction and medial rotation at the hip
tensor fasciae latae
flexion and medial rotation at the hip
hamstring group:

biceps femoris
semimembranosus
semitendinosus
flexion at the knee, extension at hip
quadricepts femoris group:

rectus femoris
vastus lateralis
vastus medialis
vastus intermedius
extension at knee, flexion at hip
sartorius
flexion at knee, flexion and lateral rotation at hip
gracilis
adduction and medial rotation at the hip
adductor longus
adduction and medial rotation at the hip
adductor magnus
adduction and medial rotation at the hip
triceps surae group:

gastrocnemius, lateral head
gastrocnemius, medial head
soleus
plantar flexion
tibialis anterior
dorsiflexion