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438 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is anatomy?
is the study of the structure of the body parts and their relatiohsips to one another
NAME
is the study of the structure of the body parts and their relationships to one another
anatomy
What is physiology?
is how all the different body parts work together
NAME
is how all the different body parts work togehter
physiology
What are the differ types of anatomy? (3)
(1)Gross or macroscopic (2) microscopic (3)Devlopment
What is Gross anatomy?
is the study of the large body structures visible to the naked eye such as the heart, lungs, and kindey
NAME
is the study of the large body structures visible to the naked eye such as the heart, lungs, and kindey
Gross Anatomy
Gross anatomy is also called (1)
marcoscopic antomoy
NAME
is a person was studying the kidneys, lungs, and heart, what anatomy are they most likely studying?
gross anatomy
Macroscopic anatomy is also called (1) anatomy
gross
What are some of the different types of gross anatomy? (3)
(1)regional anatomy (2)systemic anatomy (3)surface anatomy
What is regional atnatomy
is the study of all the structures of in a particular area
NAME
is the study of all the structures in a particular area
regional atantomy
What is systemic anatomy?
is the study of the different systems of the body
NAME
is the study of the different systems of the body
systemic anatomy
What is surface anatomy?
is the study of the internal structures and how they relate to the skin's surface
NAME
is the study of the internal structures and how they relate to the skin's surface
surface anatomy
What is microscopic anatomy?
is the study of structures too small to be seen w the eye
NAME
is the study of the structures of that are to small to be seen w the eye
Microscopic anatomy
What is cytology?
is the study of the cells
NAME
is the study of the cells
cytology
What is Developmental anatomy?
traces structural changes through life like embrolyogy
NAME
studies and traces the structural changes through life like embrolygoy
Developmental anatomy
What is physiology?
the study of the function of the body's structual machinery
NAME
is the study of the function of the body's structural machinery
physiology
What is Mesenchyme?
is a embyroic tissue
NAME
is a embyroic or early on tissue
Mesenchyme
Why is Mesenchyme important?
bc all living things form from this tissue
NAME
all living things form from this tissue
Mesenchyme
What are some speacalized branches of anatomy? (3)
(1)Pathological (2)Radiographic (3) molecular biology
What is pathological anatomy?
is the study of the structural changes caused by diseases
NAME
is the study of the structural changes caused by diseases
pathological anatomy
What is radiographic?
is the study of the internal structures visualized by X ray
NAME
is the study of the internal structures visualized by X rays
radiographic
What is molecular biology?
is the study of anatomical structures at a subcellular level
NAME
is the study of the anatomical structures at a subcellular level
molecular biology
NAME
considers the operation of specifc organ systems
Physiology
What are the differ types of physiology?
(1)renal (2)neurophysiology (3)cardiovascular
What is renal physiology?
studies kindey function and urine production
NAME
studies kidney function and urine production
renal physiology
What does a sturcures function depend on?
its form
a structures (1) depends on its form
function
What are the four basic types of tissue?
(1)epithelium (2)muscle (3)connective (4)nervous
NAME
epithelium, muscle, connective, and nervous
types of tissues
What is the heirichy of the different levels of organisms? (5)
(1)cellular (2)tissue (3)organs (4)organ system (5)organismal
(1) combine to form molecules
atoms
atoms combine to form (1)
molecules
What is a organ?
is a structure composed of at least two tissues
NAME
is a structure composed of at least two tisssues
organ
What are moelcules made of?
cells
(1) are made of cells
molecules
NAME LEVEL
atoms combine to form molecules
chemical
NAME LEVEL
cells are made up of molecules
cellular level
Every organism must mantian its (1)
boundries
What is catabolism?
includes the breaking down substances
NAME
is the breaking down of substances
catabolism
NAME
is the breaking down of substances
catabolism
What is anabolism?
synthesizing of substances
NAME
is the synthesizing of substances
anabolism
What are five things all people need to survie? (5)
(1)nutrients (2)oxygen (3)water (4)nomrmal body temp (5)atmospheirc pressure
What are the name systems the different types of systems? (11)
(1)integumentary (2)skeletal (3)muscualar (4)nervous (5)endocrine (6)cardiovascular (7)lympthatic (8)respiartory system (9)digestive system (10)urinary (11)reproductive
What is the integumentary system? (3)
forms the external covering (2)protects deeper tissue from injury (3)synthesizes Vitamin D
What is the skeletal system?
protects and supports body organs (2)provides a framework the muscle use to cause movement (3)stores minerals
NAME
forms the external covering, protects deeper tissu from injury, and produces Vitamin D
integumentary system
NAME
protects and supports body organs, provides a framework the mulsce to use to cause movement and stores minerals
intergumentary system
NAME
allows the manipulation of the environment, locomotion, and facial expression
muscular system
What is the muscular system?
allows the maipulation of the environment, locomotion, and facial expression
NAME
picks up fluid leaked from blood vessels and returns it to the blood, disposes of debris in the lympathic system, and houses white blood cells
Lymphatic system
What is the lymphatic system (3)?
(1)picks up fluid from blood vessels and returns it to the blood (2)disposes debris in the lympathic system (3) houses white blood cells
NAME
keeps blood constantly supplied w oxygen and removes CO2, and the gaseous exchanges ocur through the walls of the air sacs in the lungs
Respirartory system
What is the respiratory sytem? (2)
(1)keeps blood constantly supplied w oxygen and removes the CO2 (2)the gaseous exchanges occur through the walls of the air sacs in the lungs
NAME
breaks down food into absorbale units that enter the blood for distibution to body cells and indigestible foods are eliminated as feces
Digestive system
What is the nervous system?(2)
(1)fast acting control system of the body (2)responds to internal and external by acitivating appropiate muscles and glands
NAME
fast acting control system of the body that responds to external and internal changes by activating appropiate muscles and glands
nervous system
What is the endorcine system?
glands that secrete hormones that regulate process such as growth, reproduction, and nutrient use by body cells
NAME
are glands that secrete hormones that regulate processes such as growth, reproduction, and nutrient use by body cells
endorcine system
What is the cardovascular system?
(1) blood vessels transport blood which carries oxygen, CO2, nutrients, and waste
NAME
blood vessels transport blood which carries oxygen, CO2, nutrients, and waster
Cardovasular system
What is urinary system?
eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body (2)regulates water, eletroyle, and acid-base balance of the blood
NAME
eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body and regulates water, eletroyle, and acid base-base balance of the blood
urinary system
NAME
overal all function is the production of offspring
reproductive system
NAME
this system includes most of the glands, nails, hoves, and hair
Intergumentrey system
Give some exs of the intergumentrey system? (4)
(1)glands (2)nails (3)hoves (4)hair
NAME
this system protects deep tissues from injury and synthesisezes Vitamin D
intergumentrey system
The prostate gland produces (1) for men
Vitamins D
(1) (do not give the system) produces Viamin D for men
prostate gland
Why is vitamin D so important for men?
because research has shown the Vatamin D can reduce the risks of prostate cancer
NAME
this vitamin can reduce prosate cancer
D
NAME
it is called the sun-shine vitamin
D
NAME
this vitamin help to absorb calicum in the bones
D
Vitamin D can help (1)
absorb calicum in the bones
NAME
this system allows manipulation of the environment and mantains pressure
Vitamin D
What are the 11 systems of the body?
(1)lymphatic (2)digestive (3)respiratory (4)reproductive (5)urinary (6)Cardovascular (7)integumentary (8)muscual (9)skeltal (10)nervous (11)endocrine
NAME
is composed of the red bone marrow, the lymus, the spleen, lymph nodes, and lympathic system
lympathic system
NAME
one ex of this system is the red bone marrow
lympathic system
NAME
this system is composed of the kidneys, urters, urinary, bladder, and urtetha
Urinary system
What is Homeostatis?
is the ability to maintain a relatively stable internal environment in an ever changing outside world
NAME
is the ability to maintian a relatively stable internal environment in an ever changing outside world
homeostatis
T or F
the internal environment of the body is a dynamic state of equilibrim
True
How is homeostatis mantained? (3)
(1)chemical (2)thermal (3)neural factors
chemical, thermal, and neural factors interact to maintain (1)
homeostatis
Homeostatis will not work w out (1)
hemeostastic control mechananisms
(1) produces a change in the body
variable
What are the three interdependent components of control mechanisms? (3)
(1)receptor (2)control center (3)Effector
NAME
monitors the environments and responds to changes
receptor
What is a receptor?
monitors the environments and responds to changes
What is negative feedback?
when the output shuts off the orignial stimulus
NAME
is when the output shuts off the oringial stiumuls
negative feedback
Give a ex of negative feedback
the regulation of the blood glucose levels
NAME
produces thousands of different hormones in the pintinary gland
Hyptothalumus
What is the Hyptothalumus?
produces thousands of different hormones in the pintinary gland
NAME
this organ produces a hormone called TSH
pintinary gland
the pintintary gland produces (1)
TSH
What is TSH stand for?
Thyroid Stim Hormone
What does the thyriod do?
regulates glucose levels
NAME
this organ regulates glucose levels
thyriod
What are two things that the pancreas produces?
(1)insulin (2)glucagon
NAME
this organ produces insulin and glucagon
pancreas
NAME
this organ has patches of called call lamphounas
pancreas
The pancreas is made of cells called (1)
lamphaounds
What kinds of cells are there of lamphaounds?
alpha and beta cells
What is postive feedback?
is when a result or stimulus enchances the orginal stimulus so that the the activity is accerleted
NAME
is when a result or stimulus enchances the orginal stimulus so that the acitivty is accerleted
postive feedback
What is the major energy fuel for the body?
carbs
Which can provide more fuel for the body, carbs or protiens?
protiens
All the nutrients in the world are useless if u dont have (1)
oxygen
What is the single most abudnent chemcial in the body making up 60% to 80% of it?
water
Water is the (1) in the body
the single most abundent chemical
(1) provides the watery environment necessery for chemical reactions and the fluid base for body secretions and excretions
water
What is the normal body temp?
37C
When the body temp increases what happens?
CHemical reactions increase and protiens can lose their chaqracterisitc shape
What happens if the body temp descreases?
metabolic reactions become slower and finally stop
What atmospheric pressure?
the force that air exerts on the surface of the body
NAME
is the force that air exerts on the surface of the body
atmpspheric pressure
37 C is the (1)
normal body temp
(1) and (2) depend on atmposheric pressure
(1)breathing and gas exchange in the lungs
T or F
the mere pressence of the survial factors is enough to sustain life
False
T or F
oxygen is essential but in in excessive amounts are toxic to the body cells
True
Draw the elements of the a control system
p 9
T or F
in order for homeostatis to ocur, only certain organs play a role
False (all)
What is a variable?
the factor or event being regulated
NAME
is the factor or event being regulated
variable
What are three interdependent components of homeostatic control?
(1)Receptor (2)control center (3)effector
What is the receptor?
is some type of sensor that moniters the environment and responds to stimuli
NAME
is some type of sensor that moniters the environment and responds to stimuli
receptor
what is the control center?
determines the set point , analzyes the input, it recieves and then determines the appropriate response or course of action to take
NAME
determines the set point, analyzes the input it recieves, and then determines the apporopriate response or action to take
control center
What is the effector?
provides the mean for the control center's response to the stimulus
NAME
provies the mean for the control center's response to the stimulus
effector
What are three examples of negative feedback?
(1)regulation of the body temp (2)the withdrawl reflex (3)reglation of the blood glucose levels
Draw the regulation of blood glucose levels by negative feedback mechanism involving the pancreas horomones?
p 11
(1) feedback mechanisms usally control infrequent events that do not require continous adjustments
postive
Postive feebacks are often refered to as (1)
cascades
Why are postive feeback rarely used?
bc they are likely to race out of control
Give two ex(s) of postive feeback?
(1)enchancemnt of labor contractions (2)blood clotting
NAME
enchancment of labor is a ex
postive feeback
NAME
blood clotting is a ex
postive feedback
NAME
regulation of body temp is a ex
negative feeback
NAME
the whithdrawl reflex like when u touch a hot surface is a ex
negative feedback
NAME
regulation of the blood glucose levels is a ex
negative feedback
What happens when a blood vessel has been damage? hint:postive feedback (4)
(1)blood elements called platelts immdeitatly begin to cling to the injured site (2)and release chemicals that attract more platelts (3)this rapidly growing pile up of platelets intitates the sequence of events that finaly forms the clot
NAME
most disease is regarded as a result of a disturbance, what is this condition
homeostatic inbalance
What is homeostatic inbalance?
is a condition that causes most diseases bc of a disturbance
NAME
the anatmocial reference point reference point is a standard body postion called?
anatomical postion
the left and right terms refer to (1)
the sides of the cadaver being viewed
What is superior ?
if the first body part is towards the upper part of the body
NAME (2)
is if the first body part is towards the upper part of the body
superior or cranial
What is inferior?
if the first body part is toward the lower part of the body
NAME
if the first body part is toward the lower part of the body
inferior
inferior is also called?
caudal
(1) is also called caudal
inferior
(1) is also called cranial
superior
superior is also called (1)
cranial
Anterior is also called (1)
ventral
(1) is also called ventral
anterior
posterior is also called (1)
dorsal
(1) is also called dorsal
posterior
Superficial is also called (1)
external
(1) is also called external
superficial
(1)is also called internal
Deep
deep is also called (1)
internal
What is anterior?
if the first body part is toward or at the front of the body
nAME
is if the first body part is toward or at the front of the body
anterior
NAME
if the first body part is toward the back of the body
posterior
What is posterior?
if the first body part is toward the back of the body
NAME
if first body part is toward the midline of the body or on the inner side
medial
What is medial?
is if the first body part is toward the midline of the body or on the inner side
What is lateral?
is if the first body part is away from the midline of the body or on the outer side
NAME
is if the first body part is away from the midline of the body or one the outer side
lateral
What is intermediate?
is when comparing three body parts if the first one is in the middle
NAME
is when comparing three body parts if the first one is in the middle
intermediate
What is proxmial?
is if the first body part is closer to the body trunk
NAME
is if the first body part is closer to the body trunk
proxmial
NAME
is if the first body part is the fartherest away from the body trunk
distal
What is distal?
is if the first body part is the furtherest away from the body trunk
NAME
is if the first body part is the furtherest away from the body trunk
distal
What is superficial?
if if the first body part is towards or at the body surface
NAME
is if the first body part is towards or at the body surface
superficial
What is deep?
is if the first body part is away from the surface and internal
NAME
is if the first body part is away from the surface and internal
deep
the head is (1) to the abdomen
superior
the navel is (1) to the chin
inferior
the breastbone is (1) to the spine
anterior
the heart is (1) to the breastbone
posterior
the arms are (1) to the chest
lateral
the collarbone is (1) btwn the breastbone and the shoulder
intermediate
the elbow is (1) to the wrist
proximal
the wrist is (1) to the elbow
distal
the knee is (1) to the thigh
distal
the thigh is (1) to the knee
proximal
the skin is (1) to the skeletal muscles
superficial
the lungs are (1) to the skin
deep
Nasal refers to (1)
the nose
(1)refers to the nose
nasal
Oral refers to the (1)
mouth
(1) refers to the mouth
Oral
Cerivical refers to the (1)
neck
(1) refers to the neck
cerivical
Acromial refers to the (1)
point of the shoulder
(1) refers to the point of hte shoulder
Acromial
Axiallary refers to the (1)
arm pit
(1) refers to the arm pit
Axiallary
Abdonimal refers to the (1)
abdomen
(1) refers to the abdomen
Abdonimal
Brachial refers to the (1)
arm
(1) refers to the arm
Brachial
Anetcubital refers to the (1)
forearm
(1) refers to the forearm
Antebrachial
Antebrachial refers to the (1)
forearm
The pelvic refers to the (1)
pelvis
(1) refers to the pelvis
pelvic
Carpal refers to the (1)
wrist
(1) refers to the wrist
carpal
Pollex refers to the (1)
thumb
(1) refers to the thumb
pollex
the palmar refers to the (1)
palm
(1) refers to the palm
palmar
Digital refers to the (1)
fingers
(1) refers to the fingers
Digital
Pubic refers to the (1)
genital region
(1) refers to the genital region
pubic
Patellar refers to the (1)
anterior knee
(1) refers to the anterior knee
Patellar
The curral refers to the (1)
leg
(1) refers to the leg
curral
Pedal refers to the (1)
foot
(1) refers to the foot
Pedal
Tarsal refers to the (1)
ankle
(1) refers to the ankle
Tarsal
Digital refers to the (2)
toes and fingers
(1) refers to the toes
digital
Frontol refers to the (1)
forehead
(1) refers to the forehead
Frontol
The orbital refers to the (1)
eye
(1) refers to the eye
orbital
(1) refers to the cheek
buccal
Buccal refers to the (1)
cheek
mental refers to the (1)
chin
(1) refers to the chin
mental
Sternal refers to the
breastbone
(1) refers to the breastbone
Sternal
Throatcic refes to the (1)
chest
(1) refers to the chest
Throatcic
Mammmary refers to the (1)
breast
(1) refers to the breast
Mammary
(1) refers to the navel
umbillical
Umbillical refers to the (1)
navel
Coxal refers to the (1)
hip
(1) refers to the hip
coxal
Ingunial refers to the (1)
groin
(1) refers to the groin
Ingunial
Femoral refers to the (1)
thigh
(1) refers to the thigh
Femoral
(1) or (2) refers to the side of leg
(1)Fibular (2)peroneal
Fibular or peroneal refers to the (1)
side of the leg
Hallux refers to your (1)
big toe
(1) refers to your big toe
Hallux
Cephalic refers to (1)
head
(1) refers to the head
Cephalic
(1) refers to the upper body
upper extremly
Upper extermly refers to the (1)
upper body
Manus refers to the (1)
hands
(1) refers to the hands
manus
(1) refers to the ear
Otic
Otic refers to the (1)
ear
Occipitial refers to the (1)
back of the head or base of the skull
(1) refers to the back of the head or the base of the skull
occipitial
Vertebral refers to the (1)
spinial column
(1) refers to the spinial column
Vertebral
Scapular refers to the (1)
the shoulder blade
(1) refers to the shoulder blade
Scapular
(1) refers to the arm
Brachial
Brachial refers to the (1)
arm
Dorsum or Dorsal refers to the (1)
back
(1) or (2) refers to the back
Dorsum or Dorsal
Olecranal refers to the (1)
back of the elbow
(1) refers to the back of the elbow
Olecranal
(1) refers to the loin
lumbar
Lumbar refers to the (1)
loin
(1) refers to the btwn the hips
Sacral
Sacral refers (1)
btwn the hips
Gluteal refers to the (1)
buttock
(1) refers to the buttock
Gluteal
Gluteal refers to the (1)
buttock
Perineal refers to the (1)
region btwn the anus and the external genitial
(1) refers to the region btwn the anus and the external genital
Perineal
Formoral refers to the (1)
thigh
(1) refers to the thigh
Formoral
Popilteal refers to the (1)
back of the knee
(1) refers to the back of the knee
Popiteal
Sural refers to the (1)
calf
(1) refers to the calf
Sural
Calcaneal refers to the (1)
heel
(1) refers to the knee
Calcaneal
(1) refers to the sole
Plantar
Plantar refers to the (1)
sole
What are the two fundamental divisions of our body?
(1)axial and (2) appendicular part
What is the axial part?
makes up the main axis of our body includes the head, the neck, and trunk
NAME
makes up the main axis of our body includes the head, the neck, and the trunk
axial part
What is the appendicular part?
consists of appendeges or limbs which are attached to the body's axis
NAME
consists of appendeges or limbs which are attached to the body's axis
appendicular part
What is the sagittal plane?
is a vertical plane that divides the body into right and left parts
NAME
is a vertical plane that divides the body into right and left planes
sagittal plane
NAME (2)
a sagittal plane that lies exatcly in the midline
median plane or midsaggital plane
What is the midsaggital plane?
a saggital plane that lies exactly in the midline
NAME
all other saggital planes, offset from the midline
parasagittal plane
What is a parasagittal plane?
all other saggital planes, offset from the midline
A frontal plane is also called (1)
cornal plane
(1) is also called cornal plane
frontal plane
(1) or (2) plane runs horizontally right to left, dividing the body into supperior and inferior parts
tranverse and horizontal
What is a tranverse plane?
is a plane runs horizonatally right to left, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts
What is a oblique sections?
are cuts made diagonlly btwn the horizontal and vertical angles
NAME
are cuts made diagonlly bwtn the horizontal and vertical angles
oblique angles
What is the dorsal body cavity?
which protects the fragile nervous system organs
NAME
protects the fragile nervous system organs
dorsal body cavity
What are the two subdivisons of the dorsal?
(1)cranial cavity (2)vertebral or spinal cavity
What is the cranial cavity ?
is in the skull and encases the brain
NAME
is the skull which encases the brain
cranial cavity
the cranial cavity and the vertebral caivity make up the (1)
dorsal body cavity
What is vertebral cavity?
runs within the body vertebral column enclosing the spinal cord
NAME
runs whithin the body vertrebral column enclosing the spinal cord
vertebral cavity
What are the two large cavities of the body?
(1) dorsal body cavity (2)ventral body cavity
What is the ventral caivty?
is the more anterior and larger of the closed body cavities
NAME
is the more anterior and larger of the closed body cavities
ventral cavity
The ventral body cavity houses internal organs collectivly called (2)
viscera or visceral organs
What are visceral organs?
collectivly internal organs housed by the ventral body caivty
What is the thoriacic cavity?
is a superior subdivision of the ventral cavity that is surrounded by the ribs and the muscles of the chest
NAME
is a superior subdivision of the ventral cavity that is surrounded by the ribs and muscles of the chest
thoriacic cavity
The thoriacic cavity is subdivided into (1)
lateral pleural cavities
(1) is subdivided further into lateral pleural cavities
the thoriacic cavity
What are pleural cavities?
each house a lung and the medial mediastinum
NAME
each house a lung and a medial mediastinum
pleural cavities
What is medial mediastinum?
contains the pericardial cavity
NAME
contains the pericardial cavity
medial mediastinum
What is the pericaridal cavity?
encloses the heart and its also surrounds the remaining thoracic organs
NAME
encloses the heart and it also surrounds the remaining thoracic organs
pericardial cavity
NAME
these organs are the esophagus, trachea, and others
thoracic organs
Fill in the labels for the different body cavities
p 17
The throaccic cavity is separted by from the more inferior (1)
abdominopelvic cavity
(1) is separted by from the more inferior abdominopelivic cavity
thorarcic cavity
What is the diaohragm?
a dome shaped muscle important in breathing
NAME
is a dome shaped muscle important in breathing
diaphragrm
What is the abdonimal cavity?
contains the stomach, instestines, spleen, liver, and other organs
NAME
contains the stomach, intestines, spleen, liver, and other ograns
abdonimal cavity
NAME
lies in the bony pelvis and contains the bladder, some reproductive organs, and the rectum
pelvic cavity
What is the pelvic cavity?
lies in the bony pelivis and contains the bladder, some reproductive organs, and the rectum
When the body is subjected to physical truma, what organs are the most vunerable?
abdominopelivic organs
When are the abdonminopelivic organs the most vunerable?
when the body is subjected to physical trauma
Why are the abdonminopelivic organs the most vunerable during physical trauma?
bc the walls of the abdonimal cavity are formed only by the trunk musles and are not reinforced by the bone
NAME (2)
a thin double layer membrane that covers the walls of the ventral body cavity and the outer surfaces of the organs
serosa or serous membrane
What is the serosa?
is a thin double layer mebrane that covers the walls of the ventral body cavity and the outer surface of the organs
NAME
is the part of the membrane lining the cavity walls
visceral serosa
What is the visceral serosa?
is the part of the membrane that membrane lining the cavity walls
NAME
is a folded parietal serosa that covers the organs in the cavity
visceral serosa
What is the visceral serosa?
is a folded parietal serosa that covers the organs in the cavity
What is the serous fluid?
a thin layer of lubricating fluid that seperates the serous membranes
NAME
is a thin layer of lubricating fluid that seperates the serous membranes
serous fluid
What happens when serous membranes are inflamed?
they produce less lubricating serous fluid
If a person is producing less lubricating serous fluid, what is the problem?
the serous membranes are likely inflamed
What do the serious fluid allow for?
the organs to slide w out fricition across the cavity wall and one another
NAME
this allows for the organs to slide w out fircition across the cavitiy wall and one another
serious fluid
What are the nine regions of the abdonminopelivic regions? draw them
p 19
What is the umbilical region?
is the centermost region surrunding the umbilicus
NAME
is the centermost region surrunding the umbillicus
umilical region
What is epigastric region?
is located superior to the umbilical region
What does gastri mean?
belly
NAME
mean belly
gastri
NAME
is located superior to the umibilical region
epigastric region
What is the hypogastric region?
is located inferior to the umbilical region
NAME
is located inferior to the umibilical region
hypogastric region
What does hypo mean?
below
NAME
means below
hypo
What are the left or right iliac or inguinal regions?
are located lateral to the hypogastric region
NAME (2)
are locted lateral to the hypogstric region
left or right iliac or inguinal region
What are the right and left lumbar regions?
lie lateral to the umbilical region
NAME
lie lateral to the umbilical region
left and right lumbar regions
What is right and left hypochondriac regions?
flank the epigastric region laterally
NAME
flank the epigastric region laterally
right and left hypochondriac regions
Hypogastric region is the (1) region
pubic
What does RUQ stand for?
Right upper quadrant
What does RLQ stand for?
right lower quadrant
What does LUQ stand for?
left upper quadrant
What does LLQ stand for?
left lower quadrant
What are the four abdominopelivic quadrants? (4)
(1)RUQ (2)RLQ (3)LUQ (4)LLQ
What is a X ray or radiograph?
show shodowy negative of internal structures
NAME (2)
show shodowy negative of internal structures
X ray or radiograp
What does CT stand for?
computed tomography
What does CAT stand for?
computerized axial tomography
(1) are the forefront for evaulating most problems that affect the brain and abdomen
CAT
What is the xenon CT?
is a CT brian scan enhanced w xenon to trace the blood flow
NAME
is a CT brain scan enhanced q xenon to trace the blood flow
xenon CT
What does DSR stand for?
Dynamic spatial reconstruction
What does DSA stand for?
digital subtraction angiogly
What does PET stand for?
positron emission tomography
What does MRI stand for?
magnetic resonance imaging
What does MRS stand for?
magentic resonace spectroscopy
What are some problems w the MRI? (2)
(1)they can suck metal objects (2) there is no convincing evidence that strog magnetic fields are risk free
What is the DSR?
uses CT scanners to provide 3D images of the body organs from any angle
NAME
uses CT scanners to provide 3D images of the body organs from any angle
DSR
What is the DSA?
provides an unobstructed view of the small arteries
NAME
provides an unobstructed view of the small arteries
DSA
What is the PET?
excels in observing metabolic processes
NAME
excels in observing metabolic processes
PET
(1) greatest value has been its ability to provide insights into brain activity in people affected by mental illness, stroke, , Alzheimer's disease, and epielspsy.
PET
What are two distinct adavantages of the sonography or ultrasound?
(1)the equiement is inexpensive (2)the high-frequency sound waves are safer
(1) this is the imaging techinque in determing the fetal age and postion and locating the placenta
Ultrasound or sonography
What is the MRI?
produces high contrast images of our of soft tissue
NAME produces high contrast images of our soft tissue
MRI
What is the MRS?
maps the distribution of elements other than Hydrogen to reveal more about how disease changes body chemistry
NAME
maps the distrubition of elements other than Hydrogen to reveal more about disease changes body chemistry
MRS
What is the functional MRI?
track blood flow into the brain in real time
NAME
tracks the blood flow into the brain in real time
functional MRI
What are some other body cavities other then the large ones? (5)
(1)oral and digestive cavites (2)nasal cavity (3)orbitial cavity (4)middle ear cavities (5)synovial cavities
What is the oral cavity?
commonly called the mouth, contains the teeth and the tongue
NAME
commonly called the mouth, contains the teeth and the tongue
oral cavity
T or F
the nasal cavity is part of the resouratory system
True
(1) secretes a lubriacting fluid that reduces friction as the bones move across one another
Synovical fluid
Fill in the blanks on the digrams in your lab book about the bodies, different systems, and planes of the body
see lab manual