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30 Cards in this Set

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Medial Plane
Divides the body into equal right and left parts.
Sagittal Plane
Divides the body into unequal right and left parts.
Transverse Plane
Divides the body or limb into caudal and cranial or proximal and distal parts.
Dorsal Plane
Divides the body into ventral and dorsal parts.
Lateral
Closer to outside of body, away from middle of body.
Medial
Closer to midline of body.
Palmar
Back side of distal front limb.
Plantar
Back side of distal rear limb.
Cranial
Closer to head. Front side of a proximal limb.
Caudal
Closer to tail. Back side of a proximal limb.
Rostral
Toward the nose.
Dorsal
Toward the back. Front side of a distal limb.
Ventral
Toward the abdomen.
Proximal
Of a limb, closer to the body.
Distal
Of a limb, farthest from the body.
Superficial
Near the surface.
Deep
Farthest from the surface.
Peripheral
Distant from the point of origin. (Capillaries are peripheral to the heart).
Axial
Closest to the longitudinal axis.
Abaxial
Farthest from the longitudinal axis.
Internal
Closer to the center.
External
Closer to the outside.
Frontal plane
Same as dorsal, divides body into dorsal and ventral parts.
Longitudinal section
Cut made parallel to the long axis of a limb or organ.
Transverse or Cross section
Cut through any transverse plane, dividing into proximal/distal or caudal/cranial parts.
Oblique
Any tangent or unparallel line through the body.
Combining vowel
A letter or word used to combine two root words to change their meaning.
Combining form
A root word with a prefix or suffix with a combining vowel.
Compound word
A word with 2 or more root words.
Root word
The foundation of a word.