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80 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Characteristics of living things:
organization
responsiveness
growth
reproduction
movement
metabolism&excreation
responsiveness:
Irritability-
adapatbility-
-respond to the environment
-organisms make long term changes over time
Movement:
internal-
external-
transport of things like blood etc

movement in the environment
metabolism
all chem. reactions that occur in the body
respiration
absorption, transport & use of oxygen by the body
excretion
removal of waste
Levels of organization
chemical
cellular
tissue
organ
organ system
organism
Integumentry system
major organs (4)
skin
hair
nails
sweat glands
Integumentry system
functions (3)
-protects against the environment
-regulates body temp
-sensory information
Skeletal System
Major Organs (4)
Bones
cartilage
ligaments
bone marrow
Skeletal System (3)
-provides support
-stores calcium
-forms blood cells
Muscular system
major organs (2)
Muscles
tendons
Muscular System
Functions (3)
-provides movement
-provides protection and support
-generates heat and maintains body temp
Nervous system
Major organs (4)
brain
spinal cord
peripheral nerves
sense organs
Nervous system
functions (3)
-directs responses
-coordinates and moderates activities of organ systems
-provides and interperates sensory info about external conditions
endocrine system
major organs (6)
pituitary
thyroid
pancreas
adrenal
gonads
endocrine tissues
endocrine system
functions (3)
-directs long term changes
-adjusts metabolic activity and energy
-controls structural and functional changes during development
cardiovascular system
major organs (3)
heart
blood
blood vessels
cardiovascular system
functions (2)
-distributes blood
-distributes heat
lymphatic system
major organs (5)
spleen
thymus
lymphatic vessels
lymph nodes
tonsils
lymphatic system
functions (2)
-defends against disease
-returns tissue fluids to the blood stream
respritory system
major organs (7)
nasal cavity
sinuses
larynx
trachea
bronchi
lungs
alveoli
respritory system
functions (4)
-devlivers air to alveoli
-provides oxygen to blood stream
-removes carbon dioxide from blood
-produces sounds for communication
digestive system
major organs (10)
teeth
tongue
pharynx
esophagus
stomach
small intestine
large intestine
liver
gallbladder
pancreas
digestive system
functions (4)
-process and digest food
-absorb and conserve water
-absorb nutrients
-store energy reserves
urinary system
major organs (4)
kidneys
ureters
urinary bladder
urethra
urinary system
functions (4)
-excretes water products from bood
-controls water balance by regulating volume or urine
-stores urine prior to voluntary elimination
-regulates blood ion concentrations and pH
Homeostatic regultion:
receptor
recognizes changes
Homeostatic regultion:
control center
recieves and processes information
Homeostatic regultion:
effector
cell or organ that responds
Auto regulation (intrinsic regulation)
automatic adjustment inresponse to some environmental change
extrinsic regulation
nervous system: rapid shortterm response
endocrine system: relies on chemical messengers; slows it and is long lasting
negative feedback
primary mechanism
opposes stimulus
positive feedback
enhances change
pos feedback are accelerating loops
blood clotting: positive or negative feedback?
positives. accelerates clotting until a blood clot forms and stops bleeding
cephalon
cephalic region
head
cervicis
cervical region
neck
thoracis
thoracic region
chest
brachium
brachial region
arm
antebrachium
antebrachial region
forearm
carpus
carpal region
wrist
manus
manual region
hand
abdomen
abdominal region
abdomen
lumbus
lumbar region
loin
gluteus
gluteal region
butt
pelvis
pelvic region
pelvis
pubis
pubic region
anterior pelvis
ingune
inguinal region
groin
femur
femoral region
thigh
crus
crural region
anterior leg
sura
sural region
calf
tarsus
tarsal region
ankle
pes
pedal region
foot
planta
plantar region
sole of the foot
anterior
the front
ventral
belly side
posterior/dorsal
the back
cranial
head
superior
above/at a higher level
caudal
the tail
inferior
below
medial
toward the longitudinal axis
lateral
away from the longitudinal axis
proximal
toward attached base
distal
away from attached base
superficial
toward the surface
deep
away from the surface
transverse plane
lies at right angles to the long axis of the body
divides superior and anterior
frontal plane
coronal plane
parallel to the long axis
divides posterior and anterior
saggital plane
parallel to the long axis of the body
left and right halves
dorsal cavity:
cranial cavity
spinal cavity
surrounds the brain and spinal cord
-contains the brain
-contains spinal cord
ventral body cavity (coelom)
thoracic & abdominopelvic
contains resp. cardio, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems
thoracic cavity
-plural cavities
-mediastinum
-pericardial
abdominopelvic cavity
abdominal cavity
pelvic cavity
abdominopelvic quadrants
(clockwise starting top right)
right upper
left upper
right lower
left lower
right upper
liver
gallbladder
right kidney
stomach
small/large intestine
left upper
liver
stomach
pancreas
spleen
portions of large intestine
right lower
appendix
reproductive organs
right ureter
left lower
small/ large Intestines
left ureter
reprodctive organs
abdominopelvic regions
right hypochronriac
epigastric
left hypochondriac
right lumbar
umbillical region
left lumbar
right inguinal
hypogastric
left inguinal