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91 Cards in this Set

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Peristalsis
Progressive, wavelike contractions that move foodstuffs through the alimentary tube organs (or that move other substances through other hollow body organs)
Small Intestines
the bodys major digestive organ, longest section of alimentary canal-20ft 1 inch in diameter 3 subdivisions duodenum-part where bile and pancreatic juice enter small intestine. Jejunum 8ft long Ileum-12 ft long {Most digestion occurs in the Jejunum and the Ileum}
Liver
Lobed accessory organthat overlies the stomach; produces bile to help digest fat, and serves other metabolic and regulatory functions
Atria
The two superior receiving chambers of the heart
Aorta
Major systemic artery; arises from the left ventricle of the heart
Adrenal Gland
Hormone-producing glands located superior to the kidneys; each consists of medulla and cortex areas.
Bronchioles
The branching air passageways inside the lungs.
Bicuspid
The left atrioventricular valve
Bolus
A rounded mass of food prepared by the mouth for swallowing; any soft round mass
anus
Distal end of digestive tract; outlet of rectum
Arteries
Blood vessels that conduct blood away from the heart and into the circulation.
bile
Greenish-yellow or brownish fluid produced in and secreted by the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and released into the small intestine.
Veins
Blood vessels that return blood toward the heart from the circulation
Bronchi
One of the two large branches of the trachea that leads to the lungs.
Canine
fanglike eyeteeth that tear and pierce
Cranium
Bony protective encasement of the brain and organs of hearing and equilibrium; also called the skull
Chyme
Semifluid, creamy mass consisting of partially digested food and gastric juice
Capillaries
The smallest of the blood vessels and the sites of exchange between the blood and tissue cells.
Diastole
Period of the cardiac cycle when either the ventricles or the atria are relaxing
Diaphragm
[1]Any partition or wall separating one area from another;[2]a muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the lower abdominopelvic cavity.
Cilia
Tiny, hairlike projections on cell surfaces that move in a wavelike manner.
Esophagus
Muscular tube extending from the laryngopharynx through the diaphragm to join the stomach;collapses when not involved in food propulsion
Erythrocytes
Red blood cells
Expiration
Breathing out
Epiglottis
Elastic cartilage at the back of the throat; covers the opening of the larynx during swallowing
Large Intestinges
Dry out indegestible food absorbs H2O 5 ft long 2 inches in diameter contain mucus 8 parts-transverse, ascending, and descending colon, cecum, sigmoid colon, rectum, vermiform appendix, and anal canal. Eliminates indigestible waste from the body.
Pericardium
Double-layerd serosa enclosing the heart and forming its superficial layer
Fibrinolysis
Process that removes unneeded blood clots hen healing has occurred
Gall bladder
Sac beneath the right lobe of the liver used for bile storage.
Glomerulus
Cluster of capillaries forming part of the nephron; forms filtrate.
Hemoglobin
Oxygen-transporting component of erythrocytes
Heart
Pump that pumbs blood to the rest of the body
Homeostasis
A stte of body equilibrium or stable internal environment of the body
Inspiration
Breath in
Micturition
Urination, or voiding; emptying the bladder
Tricuspid
The right atrioventricular valve
Systole
A period when either the ventricles or the atria are contrating
Lumen
Cavity inside a tube, blood vessel, or hollow organ
Phalanges
Fingers and toes
Rugae
Elevation or ridges, as in stomach mucosa
Stomach
Temporary reservoir in the gastrointestinal tract where chemical breakdown of proteins begins and food is converted into chyme
Mouth
When digestion begins breakdown of food
Pancreas
Gland located behind the stomach, between the spleen and then duodenum; produces both endocrine and exocrine secretions
Urethra
Canal through which urine passes from the bladder to the outside of the body.
Urinary Bladder
A smooth, collapsible, muscular sac that stores urine temporarily
Dialysis
Diffusion of solute(s) through a semipermneable membrane
Pulmonary Artery
Vessels that deliver blood to the lungs to be oxygenated
Platelets
Cell frangment found in blood; envolved in clotting
Thrombocyte
Platelets; cell frangments that participate in blood coagulation
Ventricles
(1)paired, inferiorly located heart chambers that function as the major blood pumps (2)Cavities in the brain
Hypotension
Low blood pressure
Pelvic Girdle
Consists of the paired coxal bones that attach the lower limbs to the axial skeleton
Pharynx
Muscular tube extending from the region posterior to the nasal cavities to the esophagus
Ureter
Tube that carries urine from kidney to bladder
Trachea
Windpipe; carilage reinforced tube extending from larynx to bronchi
Nares
Nostrils
Urinalysis
Test urine for drug useage (Acidic and Basiscity)
Alveoli
Air sacs in the lungs
Hemophiliacs
Bleeding disorder (Hereditary)
Mononucleosis
Mono kissing disease
Clavicle
Collarbone
Lungs`
Organ that breaks down air
leukocyte
White blood cells; formed elements involved in the body protection that take part in inflammatory and immune responses.
Procoagulants
medicines that clot blood
Tarsus
Made up of 7 tarsal bones that form the posterior half of the foot
Coccyx
Tailbone
Vena Cavas
Located in heart bring old blood to heart
Hypertension
High Bloodpressure
Sutures
Immovable joint that connects all bones of the skull
Pectoral Girdle
Bones in upper limbs includes scapula and clavicle
Rib cage
Protects thoracic cavity true ribs(1-7) false ribs(8-12) 11&12 floating ribs
Sternum
Breast bone lies in the anterior midline of the thorax
Tunics
Layer in blood vessel
Pressure Point
Where the artery lies close to the skin surface where a pulse can be checked
Myocardium
Muscle of the heart
Bloodtypes
A Pos & A Neg.
B Pos & B Neg.
AB Pos & AB Neg.
O Pos & Neg.
Coronary Arteries
(Sinus)Collects blood and takes to the myocardium of the heart
RH Neg.
Rhesus Factor 85% of people are pos. RH neg. can give to RH neg. and pos. People that are RH neg. can get RH pos. once
Henry's Law
Gases in a mixture dissolve in a liquid in proportion to its partial pressure and its solubility in the liquid
Dalton's Law
Partial Pressure, the total pressure exerted by a mixture of gases in the sum of the pressures exerted independantly by each gas in the mixture
Thoracic Cavity
Chest cavity contains heart, lungs, ribcage, and sternum
Larynx
Voicbox provides a permanent open airway
Trigone
Smooth triangular region at the base of the bladder prone to infection
Renal Artery
Carries blood into the kidneys
Nephrons
Filtering mechanisms in the kidneys. Form urine........
Sphincter
Valves that open in GI tract to allow food to pass through Gastroesophageal and pyloric
Molars
Type of tooth 12 with wisdom and human mouth
Villi
Fingerlike projections that increase surface area of intestines for better absorption
Blood
THE RIVER OF LIFE carries everything we need from one place to another in the body
Kidneys
Two bean shaped organs, at base of 12th vertebrae clease the blood via renal arteries and veins
Anemia
Reduced oxygen-carrying ability of blood resulting from too few erythrocytes or abnormal hemoglobin.