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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
sagittal section
a cut made along the length wise plane of the body dividing it into rt and lt parts
a frontal section
a cut made along a length wise plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts
transverse section
a cut made along a horizontal plane dividing the body or organ into superior and inferior parts
dorsal body cavity
made up of two subdivisions which continuous with each other
cranial cavity
the space inside the bony skull which contains the brain
spinal cavity
extends from the cranial cavity nearly to the end of the vertebral column which is surrounded by vertebrae that protect the spinal cord
ventral body cavity
much larger than the dorsal cavity it contains all the structures within the chest and abdomen which contains the thoracic, abdominal, pelvic cavities, and the diaphragm
thoracic cavity
the superior cavity that is separated by the diaphragm whic contains organs such as lungs, heart, and others which are somewhat protected by the rib cage
diaphragm
the dome-shape muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the rest of the ventral cavity
abdominopelvic
the cavity inferior to the diaphragm that can divide into the abdominal and the pelvic cavities
abdominal cavity
the top part of the abdominopelvic cavity which contains the liver, stomach, intestines, and other organs
pelvic cavity
the bottom part of the abdominopelvic cavity which contains the reproductive organs, bladder, and the rectum
umbilical region
the center most region deep to and surrounding the unbilicus/ navel
epigatric region
located superior to the umbilical region
hypogastric (pubic) region
located inferior to the umbilical region
rt and lt illiac regions
located lateral to the hypogastric region
rt and lt lumbar regions
lie lateral to the umbilical region
rt and lt hypochondriac
flank the epigastric region and contain the lower ribs
the four quandrants
they divide the abdominal area into four parts