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20 Cards in this Set

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abdominopelvic cavity
term used to describe the single cavity containing the abdominal and pelvic organs.
abdominopelvic quadrants
1. Right upper (right superior) quadrant
2. Right lower (or right inferior) quadrant
3. Left upper (or right superior) quadrant
4. Left lower (or right inferior) quadrant.
abdominopelvic regions
There are 3 regions:
1. Upper abdominopelvic region - right and left hypochondriac region and epigastric region
2. Middle region - right and left lumbar region and the umbilical region
3. Lower region - right and left iliac region and hypogastric region
anatomical position
the reference position for the body, which gives meaning to directional terms
anatomy
the study of the structure of an organism and the relationship of its parts
appendicular
refers to the upper and lower extremities of the body.
atrophy
wasting away of tissue; decrease in size of a part; sometimes referred to as a disuse atrophy
axial
refers to the head, neck, and torso or trunk of the body
abdominal cavity
the cavity containing the abdominal organs
cranial cavity
space inside the skull that contains the brain
scientific method
any logical and systematic approach to discovering principles of nature, often involving testing of tentative explanations called hypotheses
hypothesis
a proposed explanation of an observed phenomenon
experimentation
performing an experiment, which is usually a test of a tentative explanation of nature called a hypothesis
anatomy
the study of the structure of an organisms and the relationships of its parts
physiology
the study of body function
dissection
cutting technique used to separate body parts for study
theory
an explanation of a scientific principle that has been tested experimentally and found to be true; compare to hypothesis and law
law
a scientific law is a theory, or explanation of a scientific principle, with an extraordinarily high degree of confidence of scientists based on experimentation
chemical level of organization
Atoms and molecules
cells
the basic biological and structural unit of the body consisting of a nucleus surrounding by cytoplasm and enclosed by a membrane