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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
clavobrachialis
Origin: clavicle
Insertion: proximal end of ulna
Function: draws humerus craniad
pectoantebrachialis
Origin: manubrium
Insertion: fascia of forlimb near the elbow
Function: adducts and rotates the forelimb
pectoralis major
Origin: cranial sternebrae
Insertion: proximal half of humerus
Function: adducts and rotates the forelimb
pectoralis minor
Origin: caudal sternebrae
Insertion: proximal half of humerus
Function: adducts and rotates the forelimb
xiphihumeralis
Origin: xiphoid process
Insertion: proximal end of humerus
Function: adducts and rotates the forelimb
acromiodeltoid
Origin: acromion process of scapula
Insertion: humerus
Function: flexes and rotates humerus
acromiotrapezius
Origin: nerual spines of cervical and first thoracic vertebrae
Insertion: metacromion process and spine of scapula
Function: draws scapula dorsally and medially
clavotrapezius
Origin: nuchal line of skull and dorsal midline of neck
Insertion: clavicle
Function: draws humerus craniad
infraspinatus
Origin: infraspinous fossa of scapula
Insertion: greater tuberosity of humerous
Function: rotates the humerus
latissiums dorsi
Origin: lumbodorsal fascia and neural spines of the last thoracic and lumbar vertebrae
Insertion: medial surface of humerus
Function: elevates the arm and draws it caudad
levator scapulae ventralis
Origin: occipital bone and transverse process of atlas
Insertion: metacromion process
Function: dras scapula craniad
rhomboideus
Origin: nerual spines of thoracic vertebrae
Insertion: ventral border of scapula
Function: draws scapula dorsally
rhomboideus capitis
Origin: superior nuchal line
Insertion: angle of scapula
Function: draws scapula craniad
spinodeltoid
Origin: spine of the scapula
Insertion: deltoid ridge of the humerus
Function: elevates and rotates the humerus
spinotrapezius
Origin: neural spines of the thoracic vertebrae
Insertion: fascia around scapula
Function: draws scapula dorsally and caudad
splenius
Origin: mid-corsal fascia of the neck
Insertion: nuchal line
Function: turns and elevates head
supraspinatus
Origin: supraspinous fossa
Insertion: greater tuberosity of humerus
Function: extends the humerus
teres minor
Origin: axillary border of scapula
Insertion: greater tuberosity of humerus
Function: rotates humerus
external intercostal
Origin: rib
Insertion: rib
Function: draws ribs craniad
external oblique
Origin: lumbodorsal fascia and ribs
Insertion: aponeurosis on the linea alba
Function: compresses abdominal viscera
internal intercostal
Origin: rib
Insertion: rib
Function: draws ribs caudad
internal oblique
Origin: pelvis and lumbodorsal fascia
Insertion: aponeurosis on the linea alba
Function: compresses abdominal viscera
rectus abdominus
Origin: pubic symphysis
Insertion: sternum and costal cartilages
Function: flexes trunk and compresses abdominal viscera
transversus
Origin: ilium, lumbar vertebrae, and posterior ribs
Insertion: linia alba
Function: compresses abdominal viscera
cleidomastoid
Origin: clavicle
Insertion: mastoid process
Function: rotates head
cricothyroid
Origin: cricoid cartilage
Insertion: thyroid cartilage
Function: moves the larynx
digastric
Origin: mastoid and jugular processes of occipital
Insertion: mandible
Function: depresses the lower jaw
geniohyoid
Origin: mandible
Insertion: hyoid
Function: draws hyoid craniad
hyoglossus
Origin: hyoid
Insertion: tongue
Function: retracts the tongue
mylohyoid
Origin: mandible
Insertion: median raphe
Function: elevates floor of mouth
sternohyoid
Origin: manubrium of sternum
Insertion: hyoid
Function: draws hyoid caudad
sternomastoid
Origin: manubrium of sternum
Insertion: lamboidal ridge of mastoid process
Function: rotates head
sternothyroid
Origin: manubrium of sternum
Insertion: thyroid cartilage
Function: draws larynx caudad
thyrohyoid
Origin: thyroid cartilage
Insertion: hyoid
Function: draws larynx craniad
masseter
Origin: zygomatic arch
Insertion: mandible
Function: elevates lower jaw
temporalis
Origin: lamboidal crest and zygomatic process of frontal bone
Insertion: coronoid process of mandible
Function: elevates lower jaw
scalenus
Origin: ribs
Insertion: cervical vertebrae
Function: flexes neck & draws
ribs craniad
serratus ventralis
Origin: first ten ribs
Insertion: vertebral border of scapula
Function: draws scapula ventrally and craniad
subscapularis
Origin: subscapular fossa
Insertion: lesser tuberosity of humerus
Function: draws humerus medially
teres major
Origin: axillary border of scapula
Insertion: medial surface of humerus
Function: draws humerus medially
transversus costarum
Origin: sternum
Insertion: first rib
Function: draws sternum craniad
biceps brachii
Origin: border of glenoid fossa
Insertion: tuberosity of radius
Function: flexes forearm
brachialis
Origin: lateral surface of humerus
Insertion: below semilunar notch of ulna
Function: flexes forearm
epitrochlearis
Origin: lateral surface of latissimus dorsi
Insertion: olecranon process of ulna
Function: rotates ulna
trieps brachii
Origin: shaft of humerus
Insertion: olecranon process of ulna
Function: extends forearm
lateral head of triceps brachii
Origin: deltoid ridge of humerus
Insertion: olecranon process
Function: extends forearm
medial of triceps brachii
Origin: axillary border of scapula
Insertion: olecranon process
Function: extends forearm
long head of triceps brachii
Origin: humerus
Insertion: olecranon process
Function: extends forearm
biceps femoris
Origin: ischial tuberosity
Insertion: proximal third of tibia
Function: flexes the leg
caudofemoralis
Origin: proximal caudal vertebrae
Insertion: patella
Function: abducts thigh
gluteus maximus
Origin: last sacral and first caudal vertebra
Insertion: fascia lata
Function: abducts thigh
gluteus medius
Origin: iliac crest, sacral, and first caudal vertebra
Insertion: greater trochanter of femur
Function: abducts thigh
tensor fasciae latae
Origin: ilium
Insertion: fascia lata
Function: extends the fascia lata
adductor femoris
Origin: pubic symphysis
Insertion: ventral surface of femur
Function: adducts thigh
adductor longus
Origin: pubic symphysis
Insertion: femur
Function: adducts thigh
gracilis
Origin: pubic symphysis
Insertion: fascia of lower thigh
Function: adducts thigh
rectus femoris
Origin: ilium
Insertion: patella
Function: extends lower leg
sartorius
Origin: iliac crest
Insertion: patella and proximal tibia
Function: adducts and rotates thigh
semimembranosus
Origin: ischium
Insertion: tibia
Function: flexes lower leg
vastus intermedius
Origin: femur
Insertion: patella
Function: extends lower leg
vastus lateralis
Origin: femur
Insertion: patella
Function: extends lower leg
vastus medialis
Origin: femur
Insertion: patella
Function: extends lower leg
extensor digitorum longus
Origin: lateral epicondyle of femur
Insertion: digits II-V
Function: extends digits
gastrocnemius
Origin: femur and tendon of plantaris
Insertion: calcaneum
Function: extends foot
peroneus group
Origin: fibula
Insertion: metatarsals
Function: some flex foot, some extend foot