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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
CV system is circulating transport system that includes:
-a pump
-conducting system
-fluid medium
-heart
-blood vessels
-blood
5 Classes of Blood Vessels(1):
_____:carry _____ blood away from the ____
_____: most important vessels for _______
_____: where ____ and ____ are exchanged
arteries: oxygenated, heart
arterioles: vasoconstriction
capillaries: nutrients and wastes
5 Classes of Blood Vessels(2):
____: collect ____ ____ from the capillaries
_____: return __ ___ ____ to the ____
venules: deoxygenated blood
veins: low oxygen blood to the heart
Structure of Blood Vessel Walls:
-walls of ___ and ____ have 3 layers:
tunica ____
tunica _____
tunica _____
(inner to outer)
arteries and veins
-intima
-media
-externa
Arteries have ___ walls and ____ lumen

Veins have ___ walls and ____ lumen...also have valves
thick, small

thin, large
Red Blood Cells:
-contain ______
-carry _____ to and ____ from all cells of the mody
-most _____ cless in the blood
hemoglobin
O2 and CO2
numerous
White Blood Cells:
-contain ____
-don't have _____
-function is _____
nuclei
hemoglobin
defense
5 types of WBC's (1)
-_______: associated with the ____ _____ (20-30%)
-_______: first to attack bacteria (50-70%)
-_______: become macrophages (2-8%)
-_______: attack parasites (2-4%)
-_____: release histomine and heparin (<1%)
-lymphocytes:immune response
-neutrophils:bacteria
-monocytes:macrophages
-eosinophils:parasites
-basophils:release
Classes of Lymphocytes
-_____:provide anitobody-mediated immunity
-_____:provide cell-mediated immunity
B cells

T cells
Platelets:
involved in ____ _____
blood clotting
Collateral Circulation:
-blood can reach most regions of the body via ___ ___ one route
-this is because during development, vessels of similiar diameter ____
-if one route is blocked, an ___ ___ will deliver blood
-this ensures that tissue does not become ______
more than
fuse
alternate route
necrotic
Arteries that supply the Thorax:
-___ ____ and the ____ ___(a branch off subclavian)
-gives rise to the ____ arteries which supply blood to the ____
descending aorta
internal thoracic
intercostal
thorax
arteries that supply the head and neck:
___ ___ artery branches into the
-___ ___ which supplies the ____
-____ ____ which supplies the ___ and ___
common carotid
-internal carotid:brain
-external carotid:neck and face
arteries that supply neck and head(2):
_____ artery also has branches that supply the ____ and ___ and ____
subclavian
brain
neck and head
arteries that supply the brain
(collateral circulation)
____ __ _____:
-____ ____
-_______
circle of Willis
-internal carotid
-vertebral
Blood Supply for Upper Limbs:
______ deep to ____ continues as the ______ in the _____ continues as the ______ in the ____
subclavian
clavicle
axillary
axilla
brachial
arm
collateral circulation at shoulder joint:
_____ and _____ arteries have numerous branches that anstomose to ensure blood flow around this highly moveable joint
subclavian

axillary
Blood Supply for Upper Limbs(2):
____ artery supplies the ___ and branches around the ____ divides into the ___ and ____ that supply the _____ join as arterial arches in the ____ that send branches to the _____
brachial
arm
elbow
ulnar
radial
forearm
hand
fingers
Unpaired Arteries of Abdominal Aorta:
1.___ ___ supplies ____ ____ (stomach,liver/gallbladder,pancreas,spleen)
celiac trunk: foregut organs
Unpaired Arteries of Abdominal Aorta(2):
2. ___ ____ supples ___ ____:rest of duodenum through transverse colon
3. ____ ____ supplies ___ ____:rest of large intestine
superior mesenteric: midgut organs

inferior mesenteric: hindgut organs
Paired Arteries of Abdominal Aorta:
-____ arteries supply the kidneys
-____ arteries supply the testes and ovaries
renal

gonadal
Aorta divides into the common iliacs:
each common iliac artery divides into a,
-___ ___:continues onto thigh
-____ ___: supplies the ____ organs
external iliac

internal iliac: pelvic
Blood Supply for Lower Limbs:
external iliac continues on thigh as the _____ artery that supplies the _____ thigh/hip and gives off the ___ ____ that supplies the _____ thigh/hip
femoral:anterior

deep femoral: posterior
collateral circulation around hip and knee joints:
the ___ and __ ___ arteries give rise to numerous branches which ensure CC around these joints
femoral

deep femoral
femoral artery continues as the ______ supplies the __/___ via its branches:
-___ ___ supplies the ____ leg,ankle,foot
-___ ___ supplies the ____ leg,ankle,foot
-_____ supplies the ____ leg
poplitial:leg/foot
anterior tibial:anterior
posterior tibial:posterior
fibular:lateral
veins that drain head and neck
-___ ___ vein drains the ___ and most of the __ and __
into the _________ vein which drains into the ___ ___ ___
internal jugular:brain, head and neck
brachiocephalic drains into superior vena cava
Vein that drains the chest:
-_____:drains the ___ ___
azygous:chest wall
superficial veins that drain the upper limbs:
-_____:drains medial portion of ___ ___
-_____:drains lateral portion of ___ ___
basilic: upper limb

cephalic: upper limb
Hepatic Portal System:
all veins from the gut drain into the _____ ____ vein
hepatic portal
vein that drains the abdomen and lower limbs:
all veins below the diaphragm drain into the ___ ___ ___
inferior vena cava
Superficial Vein that drains the Lower Limbs?
great saphenous