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19 Cards in this Set

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Abdominal Regions (Tic Tac Toe)
Upper Q= L & R Hypochondral, Epigastric
Middle Q= L & R Lumbar, Umbilical
Lower Q= L & R Inguinal, Hypogastric
Vertebral level corresponding to diaphragm.
C4
Vertebral level corresponding to heart
T3-T4
Vertebral level corresponding to Esophagus
T4-T5
Vertebral level corresponding to Stomach.
T8
Vertebral level corresponding to small intestine
T10
Vertebral level corresponding to large intestine
T11
Vertebral level corresponding to testis & kidney
T10-L1
Vertebral level corresponding to urinary bladder
T11-L1
Making a parallel incision corresponds to what lines? Why is a parallel incision beneficial?
Lines of Langer; Will heal faster, less scarring & chance of formation of hernia.
What is the only m. that can directly give the perfect balance of abdominal forces?
Transversus abdominis m.
All suffers of chronic back pain have a weak ________________ muscle?
Transversis abdominis m.
What provides sensory and motor supply to the skin and mm. of the abdominal wall?
VPR T7-T12 & L1
Gastric carcinoma
Lt. supraclavicular nodes are involved, spread along the thoracic duct
Name the commonly used divisions of the abdomen & where they are located on the body.
Hypogastric = Lower Center
Epigastric = Upper center
Umbilical = Center
Lumbar = R & L Middle
Hypochondral = R & L Upper
Inguinal = L & R Lower
Total abdominal vagal denervation; requires a drainage procedure to prevent gastric stasis.
Truncal vagotomy.
Spares vagal bb. to the liver and sm. intestine but produces a total gastric vagotomy, thus requiring drainage.
Selective vagotomy
produces selective denervation of the parietal cell mass; no drainage req'd as antral innervation is preserved; peptic ulcers.
Highly selective vagotomy (HSV)
Type of bacteria responsible for majority of peptic ulcers
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), treated with antibiotics