Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/60

Click to flip

60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
2 main cavities making up the body and where are they located
dorsal and ventral cavity. dorsal is located in posterior section and ventral is located in the anterior
what organs would you find in each subdivision of the thoracic cavity
mediastina- heart trachea esophagus

pericardial- heart

pleural- each side of mediastina housing the lungs
what seperates the thoracic from the abdominopelvic cavity?
diaphram
name organs that are found in each subdivision of the ab-pelvic cavity
internal orgains- stomach small intestine liver gull bladder pancreas kidneys
2 smaller cavities within the dorsal cavity and what do they house
cranial cavity- brain
spinal cavity- spine
the ---- cavity contains the majority of our internal organs
ab-pelvic
what are the three planes and how do they divide our body?
sagital- vertical plane diving to left and right sections

transverse- horizontal plane dividing in superior and inferior sections

frontal- vertical plane dividing body into anterior and posterior sections
a --- plane would seperate our kidneys
sagital
a ---- plane would seperate our thoracic and pelvic cavities
transverse
a --- plane would seperate our abdominal and spinal cavities
frontal
whats the order or our structural hierarchy and their definitions?
cell- small
tissue- similar cells for specific funtion (four types)
organ- lungs heart kidneys liver etc. group of tissues working together for common purpose
organ system- (11 systems of body) respitory, circulatory, endocrine etc.
what is the role of the epithelial tissue?
covers or lines surfaces
ex- lining of stomach and epidermis of skin
what is the role of the connective tissue
supports transports or stores materials
ex- bone, blood
what is the role of the muscle tissue
contracts and brings about movement
ex- the heart and skeletal muscles
what is the role of the nerve tissue
transmits impulses that regulate body functions
ex- spinal cord, brain
anatomy of a structure
discovers structures of body parts and relatioships to one another
physiology of a structure
function of body, how they work and carry out activities
dorsal cavity
brain and spinal cord. cranial and spinal cavities included.
ventral cavity
everything from shoulders to hips thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic cavities included.
thoracic cavity
heart and lung house
mediastina cavity
heart trachea and esophagus. inbetween the pleural cavities
pericardial cavity
contains heart (right below mediastinum)
pleural cavity
on each side of the mediastina housing the lungs
the diaphram seperates which two cavities
thoracic and abdominal cavities
a synonym for ventral is..
anterior
an antonym for medial is..
lateral
tissue found on the surface of an organ must be an
epithelial tissue
a tissue that causes contractions of the stomach to mix food wiht gastic juice must be a type of ..
muscle tissue
the tissue that enables you to think and answer all of these questions is
nerve tissue
a tissue that supports body parts of transports materials within the body is a type of
connective tissue
thyroid
endocrine system
gland that manufactures thyroid hormone and regulates rate of functions. located in neck
hypothalamus
endocrine systerm
region of brain contolling bodily functions. located in middle of brain.
t cells
lymphatic system
type of white blood cell that fights disease. lymps together
spleen
lymphatic system
in blood streem. destructs old red blood cells located in abdomen. fights infection
kidneys
urinary system
pair of organs that get rid of bodies waste
bladder
urinary system
urinary bladder- collects urine excreted by kidneys
gull bladder- contains bile for digestion
system with most internal organs
digestive
hormones
chemical messengers
prostrate gland
reproductive
stores fluid for 1/3 of semen
scrotum
reproductive
bag of skin and muscle containing testicals. regulates temperature of testes.
fallopian tube
reproductive
tubes linkiing ovaries to uterus
uterus
reproductive
connected to vagina and tubes. childbirth
smooth muscle
muscular
contracts and regulates blood pressure. guide to transport like blood, urine and bile
skeletal muscle
muscular
creates movement by applying force to joints by contraction. attached to bones usually
bone marrow
skeletal
tissue in large bones. new blood cells are produced here
connnective tissue
skeletal
strong fiber in tendons and legaments
small intestine
digestive
nutrients from food absorbed. chemical digestion takes place
esophagus
digestive
food passes from mouth to stomach
epidermis
integumentary
outer layer of skin. protects
sebaceous glands
integumentary
glands in skin that protect hair and skin. it produces oil
larynx
respitory
voice box
alveoli
reseritory
air sacs. lungs
sensory neurons
nervous
nerve cells. controls behaivior and pain
motor neurons
nervous
controlls uscle contraction in the spine
arteries
cardio
blood vessles that carry blood away from the heart. deliever oxigenated blood
veins
cardio
carries blood towards heart. deoxigenated
testes/overies play role in what 2 systems
reproductive and endocrine
pancreas plays role in what two systems
endocrine and digestive
urethra plays role in what two systerms
urinary and reporductive
kidneys play a role in what two systems
cardiovascular and urinary.